Afghanistan Population clock (live)

25-06-2018 05:33:48
35,579,275
Current population
18,406,070
Current male population (51.7%)
17,173,205
Current female population (48.3%)
599,879
Births this year
936
Births today
144,160
Deaths this year
225
Deaths today
52,713
Net migration this year
82
Net migration today
508,432
Population growth this year
793
Population growth today

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Quick facts about the population of Afghanistan


Current population (as of Monday, June 25 2018)
35,578,481
Total area
652,230 km2 (251,827 mi2)
Population density
54.5 per km2 (141.3 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
1.07 (18,406,070 men to 17,173,205 women)
Median age
17.3 years
Life expectancy
45.0 years (44.8 - men, 45.3 - women)
Literacy
38.2 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Afghanistan population 2018

During 2018 Afghanistan population is projected to increased by 1,058,789 people and reach 36,129,632 in the beginning of 2019. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 949,017. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 109,772 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Afghanistan (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population change rates in 2018

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Afghanistan population in 2018 will be the following:

The population of Afghanistan will be increased by 2,901 persons daily in 2018.

Demographics of Afghanistan 2017

As of 1 January 2018, the population of Afghanistan was estimated to be 35,070,843 people. This is an increase of 3.02 % (1,027,761 people) compared to population of 34,043,082 the year before. In 2017 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 921,206. Due to external migration, the population increased by 106,555. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.070 (1,070 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2017.

Below are the key figures for Afghanistan population in 2017:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2018

Afghanistan population density

Afghanistan population density is 53.8 people per square kilometer (139.3/mi2) as of June 2018. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Afghanistan divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Afghanistan. The total area of Afghanistan is 652,230 km2 (251,827 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Religion in Afghanistan

ReligionNumber of followersPercentage of total population
Islam35,542,90399.9
Christianity35,5780.1

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Major Religious Groups as of 2010 external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Monday, June 25 2018).

Afghanistan age structure

As of the beginning of 2018 according to our estimates Afghanistan had the following population age distribution:

42.3 55.3 2.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Afghanistan population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Afghanistan age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Afghanistan is 80.9 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Afghanistan must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 80.9 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Afghanistan is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Afghanistan is 76.5 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Afghanistan is 4.4 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Afghanistan age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Afghanistan is 45 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 44.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 45.3 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 7,772,448 persons or 38.39% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Afghanistan are able to read and write. Accordingly about 12,471,496 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 51.99% (5,384,145 persons). 4,971,574 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 24.15% (2,388,303 persons). 7,499,922 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 69.59% and 46.33% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 58.21%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Afghanistan population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Afghanistan historical population (1951 - 2018)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Afghanistan population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19517,795,772N/A %
19527,887,1121.17 %
19537,986,5551.26 %
19548,094,1751.35 %
19558,210,0311.43 %
19568,334,1671.51 %
19578,466,6111.59 %
19588,607,3811.66 %
19598,756,4881.73 %
19608,913,9601.80 %
19619,079,8691.86 %
19629,254,3591.92 %
19639,437,6641.98 %
19649,630,1002.04 %
19659,832,0022.10 %
196610,042,1002.14 %
196710,258,7212.16 %
196810,484,1952.20 %
196910,724,6502.29 %
197010,985,3042.43 %
197111,266,9592.56 %
197211,564,8592.64 %
197311,869,7052.64 %
197412,169,0342.52 %
197512,449,2542.30 %
197612,707,1582.07 %
197712,943,9301.86 %
197813,139,5231.51 %
197913,252,9130.86 %
198013,247,346-0.04 %
198113,104,168-1.08 %
198212,831,962-2.08 %
198312,473,048-2.80 %
198412,095,803-3.02 %
198511,771,504-2.68 %
198611,534,724-2.01 %
198711,388,441-1.27 %
198811,356,850-0.28 %
198911,492,0601.19 %
199011,837,9613.01 %
199112,428,4724.99 %
199213,267,5026.75 %
199314,285,0017.67 %
199415,347,1697.44 %
199516,321,2456.35 %
199617,127,1614.94 %
199717,757,9653.68 %
199818,272,8052.90 %
199918,774,9502.75 %
200019,370,1803.17 %
200120,116,5503.85 %
200221,009,1204.44 %
200321,997,2244.70 %
200423,003,6094.58 %
200523,949,8994.11 %
200624,791,7823.52 %
200725,530,5802.98 %
200826,203,1432.63 %
200926,868,0162.54 %
201027,584,7492.67 %
201128,385,6872.90 %
201229,267,9853.11 %
201330,204,6523.20 %
201431,155,0033.15 %
201532,077,0342.96 %
201633,045,4403.02 %
201734,043,0823.02 %
201835,070,8433.02 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.