Afghanistan Population clock (live)

20-08-2017 08:48:32
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Afghanistan population 2017

During 2017 Afghanistan population is projected to increased by 1 027 761 people and reach 35 070 843 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 921 206. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 106 555 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Afghanistan (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Afghanistan population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Afghanistan will be increased by 2 816 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Afghanistan 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Afghanistan was estimated to be 34 043 082 people. This is an increase of 3.02 % (997 642 people) compared to population of 33 045 440 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 894 210. Due to external migration, the population increased by 103 432. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.072 (1 072 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Afghanistan population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Afghanistan population density

Afghanistan population density is 52.2 people per square kilometer as of August 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Afghanistan divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Afghanistan. The total area of Afghanistan is 652 230 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Afghanistan age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Afghanistan had the following population age distribution:

42.3 55.3 2.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Afghanistan population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Afghanistan age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Afghanistan is 80.9 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Afghanistan must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 80.9 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Afghanistan is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Afghanistan is 76.5 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Afghanistan is 4.4 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Afghanistan age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Afghanistan is 45 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 44.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 45.3 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 7 544 674 persons or 38.39% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Afghanistan are able to read and write. Accordingly about 12 106 014 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 51.99% (5 226 361 persons). 4 825 880 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 24.15% (2 318 313 persons). 7 280 134 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 69.59% and 46.33% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 58.21%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Afghanistan population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Afghanistan historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Afghanistan population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19517 795 772N/A %
19527 887 1121.17 %
19537 986 5551.26 %
19548 094 1751.35 %
19558 210 0311.43 %
19568 334 1671.51 %
19578 466 6111.59 %
19588 607 3811.66 %
19598 756 4881.73 %
19608 913 9601.80 %
19619 079 8691.86 %
19629 254 3591.92 %
19639 437 6641.98 %
19649 630 1002.04 %
19659 832 0022.10 %
196610 042 1002.14 %
196710 258 7212.16 %
196810 484 1952.20 %
196910 724 6502.29 %
197010 985 3042.43 %
197111 266 9592.56 %
197211 564 8592.64 %
197311 869 7052.64 %
197412 169 0342.52 %
197512 449 2542.30 %
197612 707 1582.07 %
197712 943 9301.86 %
197813 139 5231.51 %
197913 252 9130.86 %
198013 247 346-0.04 %
198113 104 168-1.08 %
198212 831 962-2.08 %
198312 473 048-2.80 %
198412 095 803-3.02 %
198511 771 504-2.68 %
198611 534 724-2.01 %
198711 388 441-1.27 %
198811 356 850-0.28 %
198911 492 0601.19 %
199011 837 9613.01 %
199112 428 4724.99 %
199213 267 5026.75 %
199314 285 0017.67 %
199415 347 1697.44 %
199516 321 2456.35 %
199617 127 1614.94 %
199717 757 9653.68 %
199818 272 8052.90 %
199918 774 9502.75 %
200019 370 1803.17 %
200120 116 5503.85 %
200221 009 1204.44 %
200321 997 2244.70 %
200423 003 6094.58 %
200523 949 8994.11 %
200624 791 7823.52 %
200725 530 5802.98 %
200826 203 1432.63 %
200926 868 0162.54 %
201027 584 7492.67 %
201128 385 6872.90 %
201229 267 9853.11 %
201330 204 6523.20 %
201431 155 0033.15 %
201532 077 0342.96 %
201633 045 4403.02 %
201734 043 0823.02 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.