Benin Population clock

24-03-2017 23:06:25
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Benin population 2017

During 2017 Benin population is projected to increased by 304 277 people and reach 11 628 309 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 306 542. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 2 265 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Benin to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Benin population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Benin will be increased by 834 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Benin 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Benin was estimated to be 11 324 032 people. This is an increase of 2.69 % (296 315 people) compared to population of 11 027 717 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 298 520. Due to external migration, the population declined by 2 206. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.974 (974 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Benin population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Benin population density

Benin population density is 100.5 people per square kilometer as of March 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Benin divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Benin. The total area of Benin is 112 622 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Benin age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Benin had the following population age distribution:

44.7 52.6 2.7

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Benin population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Benin age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Benin is 90.1 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Benin must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 90.1 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Benin is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Benin is 85 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Benin is 5.1 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Benin age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Benin is 59.8 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 58.6 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 61.1 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 2 406 488 persons or 38.44% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Benin are able to read and write. Accordingly about 3 854 456 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 49.87% (1 541 352 persons). 1 549 203 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 27.29% (865 136 persons). 2 305 253 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 62.59% and 42.5% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 52.55%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Benin population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Benin historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Benin population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19512 256 635N/A %
19522 261 2140.20 %
19532 269 2540.36 %
19542 280 6780.50 %
19552 295 4050.65 %
19562 313 3580.78 %
19572 334 4570.91 %
19582 358 6221.04 %
19592 385 7781.15 %
19602 415 8571.26 %
19612 448 8111.36 %
19622 484 6171.46 %
19632 523 2841.56 %
19642 564 8491.65 %
19652 609 3611.74 %
19662 656 8711.82 %
19672 707 4161.90 %
19682 761 0011.98 %
19692 817 6022.05 %
19702 877 2112.12 %
19712 939 8552.18 %
19723 005 6212.24 %
19733 074 6872.30 %
19743 147 3112.36 %
19753 223 7532.43 %
19763 304 2302.50 %
19773 388 8822.56 %
19783 477 7662.62 %
19793 570 8902.68 %
19803 668 2672.73 %
19813 770 1152.78 %
19823 876 7812.83 %
19833 988 3542.88 %
19844 104 6602.92 %
19854 225 6162.95 %
19864 350 8572.96 %
19874 480 2932.97 %
19884 615 7563.02 %
19894 760 8083.14 %
19904 918 7563.32 %
19915 091 8983.52 %
19925 280 3763.70 %
19935 480 3233.79 %
19945 684 6073.73 %
19955 886 2263.55 %
19966 080 9883.31 %
19976 268 8103.09 %
19986 453 8972.95 %
19996 643 4922.94 %
20006 844 9293.03 %
20017 062 1393.17 %
20027 294 8283.29 %
20037 540 2133.36 %
20047 794 2393.37 %
20058 052 5793.31 %
20068 313 0403.23 %
20078 575 6773.16 %
20088 840 5813.09 %
20099 107 2543.02 %
20109 375 3902.94 %
20119 644 5952.87 %
20129 914 5922.80 %
201310 186 0122.74 %
201410 460 3572.69 %
201510 739 1562.67 %
201611 027 7172.69 %
201711 324 0322.69 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.