Botswana Population clock

25-06-2017 11:44:32
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Botswana population 2017

During 2017 Botswana population is projected to increased by 46 441 people and reach 2 377 831 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 42 105. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 4 336 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Botswana (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Botswana population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Botswana will be increased by 127 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Botswana 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Botswana was estimated to be 2 331 390 people. This is an increase of 1.99 % (45 534 people) compared to population of 2 285 856 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 41 283. Due to external migration, the population increased by 4 252. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.019 (1 019 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Botswana population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Botswana population density

Botswana population density is 4.0 people per square kilometer as of June 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Botswana divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Botswana. The total area of Botswana is 581 730 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Botswana age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Botswana had the following population age distribution:

33.9 62.2 3.9

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Botswana population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Botswana age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Botswana is 60.7 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Botswana must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Botswana is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Botswana is 54.5 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Botswana is 6.3 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Botswana age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Botswana is 58.1 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 58.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 57.3 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 1 363 746 persons or 88.47% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Botswana are able to read and write. Accordingly about 177 746 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 88.01% (677 993 persons). 92 392 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 88.93% (685 753 persons). 85 354 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 96.15% and 99.58% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 97.85%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Botswana population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Botswana historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Botswana population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1951418 902N/A %
1952431 2262.94 %
1953442 8102.69 %
1954453 8222.49 %
1955464 4392.34 %
1956474 8442.24 %
1957485 2252.19 %
1958495 7752.17 %
1959506 6872.20 %
1960518 1432.26 %
1961530 3032.35 %
1962543 2832.45 %
1963557 1532.55 %
1964571 9382.65 %
1965587 6512.75 %
1966604 3462.84 %
1967622 1132.94 %
1968641 0033.04 %
1969661 0183.12 %
1970682 1633.20 %
1971704 4163.26 %
1972727 7833.32 %
1973752 4663.39 %
1974778 8453.51 %
1975807 2713.65 %
1976837 9453.80 %
1977870 8273.92 %
1978905 5493.99 %
1979941 4863.97 %
1980977 9993.88 %
19811 014 7023.75 %
19821 051 5183.63 %
19831 088 5333.52 %
19841 125 9103.43 %
19851 163 8293.37 %
19861 202 3053.31 %
19871 241 1943.23 %
19881 280 4093.16 %
19891 319 9553.09 %
19901 359 8143.02 %
19911 399 9562.95 %
19921 440 2762.88 %
19931 480 4052.79 %
19941 519 7462.66 %
19951 557 7132.50 %
19961 594 0592.33 %
19971 628 8372.18 %
19981 661 9792.03 %
19991 693 2401.88 %
20001 722 4741.73 %
20011 749 5551.57 %
20021 774 6021.43 %
20031 798 5551.35 %
20041 823 0941.36 %
20051 849 8771.47 %
20061 879 8371.62 %
20071 913 0511.77 %
20081 949 1491.89 %
20091 987 5391.97 %
20102 027 5222.01 %
20112 068 7692.03 %
20122 111 2642.05 %
20132 154 6662.06 %
20142 198 2242.02 %
20152 241 2111.96 %
20162 285 8561.99 %
20172 331 3901.99 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.