Bulgaria Population clock (live)

18-02-2018 10:02:00
7,017,835
Current population
3,390,297
Current male population (48.3%)
3,627,538
Current female population (51.7%)
8,804
Births this year
84
Births today
14,120
Deaths this year
134
Deaths today
-1,278
Net migration this year
-12
Net migration today
-6,594
Population growth this year
-63
Population growth today

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Quick facts about the population of Bulgaria


Current population (as of Sunday, February 18 2018)
7,017,898
Total area
110,994 km2 (42,855 mi2)
Population density
63.2 per km2 (163.8 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.93 (3,390,297 men to 3,627,538 women)
Median age
43.5 years
Life expectancy
73.6 years (70.0 - men, 77.4 - women)
Literacy
98.4 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Bulgaria population 2018

During 2018 Bulgaria population is projected to decreased by -49,663 people and reach 6,974,766 in the beginning of 2019. The number of deaths will exceed the number of live births by 40,039, so the natural increase is expected to be negative. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 9,623 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Bulgaria to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2018

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Bulgaria population in 2018 will be the following:

The population of Bulgaria will be declined by 136 persons daily in 2018.

Demographics of Bulgaria 2017

As of 1 January 2018, the population of Bulgaria was estimated to be 7,024,429 people. This is a decrease of -0.71 % (-50,016 people) compared to population of 7,074,445 the year before. In 2017 the natural increase was negative, as the number of deaths exceeded the number of live births by 40,324. Due to external migration, the population declined by 9,692. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.930 (930 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2017.

Below are the key figures for Bulgaria population in 2017:

Growth Rate 1 - 2018

Bulgaria population density

Bulgaria population density is 63.3 people per square kilometer (163.9/mi2) as of February 2018. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Bulgaria divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Bulgaria. The total area of Bulgaria is 110,994 km2 (42,855 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Bulgaria age structure

As of the beginning of 2018 according to our estimates Bulgaria had the following population age distribution:

13.9 67.9 18.2

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Bulgaria population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "Bulgaria age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Bulgaria is 47.3 %.

The value of 47.3 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Bulgaria must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Bulgaria is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Bulgaria is 20.5 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Bulgaria is 26.8 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Bulgaria age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Bulgaria is 73.6 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 70 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 77.4 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 5,949,073 persons or 98.39% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Bulgaria are able to read and write. Accordingly about 97,696 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 98.73% (2,825,633 persons). 36,260 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 98.07% (3,123,440 persons). 61,436 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 98.21% and 97.78% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 98%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Bulgaria population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Bulgaria historical population (1951 - 2018)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Bulgaria population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19517,277,386N/A %
19527,331,8850.75 %
19537,389,3810.78 %
19547,449,0660.81 %
19557,510,3310.82 %
19567,572,7730.83 %
19577,636,1950.84 %
19587,700,5830.84 %
19597,766,0610.85 %
19607,832,7840.86 %
19617,900,7650.87 %
19627,969,7130.87 %
19638,038,9180.87 %
19648,107,3200.85 %
19658,173,8680.82 %
19668,237,8410.78 %
19678,298,9780.74 %
19688,357,4270.70 %
19698,413,6150.67 %
19708,467,9900.65 %
19718,520,7880.62 %
19728,571,8860.60 %
19738,620,6910.57 %
19748,666,2660.53 %
19758,707,7220.48 %
19768,744,2820.42 %
19778,775,6520.36 %
19788,802,8190.31 %
19798,827,8480.28 %
19808,852,6830.28 %
19818,878,2400.29 %
19828,903,9790.29 %
19838,927,8600.27 %
19848,946,7630.21 %
19858,957,4530.12 %
19868,958,5640.01 %
19878,950,231-0.09 %
19888,931,191-0.21 %
19898,898,504-0.37 %
19908,849,730-0.55 %
19918,783,260-0.75 %
19928,699,468-0.95 %
19938,602,978-1.11 %
19948,502,028-1.17 %
19958,404,871-1.14 %
19968,316,389-1.05 %
19978,237,293-0.95 %
19988,165,833-0.87 %
19998,098,981-0.82 %
20008,033,365-0.81 %
20017,967,450-0.82 %
20027,901,757-0.82 %
20037,837,083-0.82 %
20047,773,891-0.81 %
20057,712,677-0.79 %
20067,653,613-0.77 %
20077,596,495-0.75 %
20087,541,012-0.73 %
20097,486,852-0.72 %
20107,433,677-0.71 %
20117,381,264-0.71 %
20127,329,486-0.70 %
20137,278,140-0.70 %
20147,226,924-0.70 %
20157,175,548-0.71 %
20167,124,817-0.71 %
20177,074,445-0.71 %
20187,024,429-0.71 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.