Canada Population clock

16-01-2017 22:09:29
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Births this year
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Births today
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Deaths this year
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Deaths today
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Net migration this year
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Population growth this year
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .


See also:

Canada Economy

World population clock

China Population

India Population


Population of Canada 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Canada was estimated to be 36 508 003 people. This is an increase of 1.03 % (373 987 people) compared to population of 36 134 016 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 131 528. Due to external migration, the population increased by 242 459. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.985 (985 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for Canada population in 2016:

Canada population 2017

During 2017 Canada population is projected to increased by 377 858 people and reach 36 885 861 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 132 889. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 244 969 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Canada (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population dynamics in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Canada population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Canada will be increased by 1 035 persons daily in 2017.

Canada population density

Canada population density is 3.7 people per square kilometer as of January 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Canada divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Canada. The total area of Canada is 9 984 670 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Canada age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Canada had the following population age distribution:

15.7 68.5 15.9

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Canada population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "Canada age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Canada is 46.1 %.

The value of 46.1 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Canada must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Canada is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Canada is 22.9 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Canada is 23.2 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Canada age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Canada is 81.4 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 78.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 84.1 years.

Canada historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Canada population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
195113 918 496N/A %
195214 290 7462.67 %
195314 681 7742.74 %
195415 091 2612.79 %
195515 517 1652.82 %
195615 955 6552.83 %
195716 401 1092.79 %
195816 846 3752.71 %
195917 283 2782.59 %
196017 703 9032.43 %
196118 102 5772.25 %
196218 477 7932.07 %
196318 833 4841.92 %
196419 178 3261.83 %
196519 521 4421.79 %
196619 867 2721.77 %
196720 215 2261.75 %
196820 564 2381.73 %
196920 914 1301.70 %
197021 264 2141.67 %
197121 614 7691.65 %
197221 966 1681.63 %
197322 315 3711.59 %
197422 656 0081.53 %
197522 981 9411.44 %
197623 290 2751.34 %
197723 581 8711.25 %
197823 859 3751.18 %
197924 126 2711.12 %
198024 386 6911.08 %
198124 642 1571.05 %
198224 893 0131.02 %
198325 145 0791.01 %
198425 409 6961.05 %
198525 697 4551.13 %
198626 014 7581.23 %
198726 361 6621.33 %
198826 730 5091.40 %
198927 107 7771.41 %
199027 479 4791.37 %
199127 838 2711.31 %
199228 183 9731.24 %
199328 517 3821.18 %
199428 838 3721.13 %
199529 147 6501.07 %
199629 445 2151.02 %
199729 731 0220.97 %
199830 008 1200.93 %
199930 282 6820.91 %
200030 561 0600.92 %
200130 846 6240.93 %
200231 139 9580.95 %
200331 442 5830.97 %
200431 757 5881.00 %
200532 087 4581.04 %
200632 433 8851.08 %
200732 796 8561.12 %
200833 172 7661.15 %
200933 554 9081.15 %
201033 936 3661.14 %
201134 313 0391.11 %
201234 684 0281.08 %
201335 049 3821.05 %
201435 409 2031.03 %
201535 763 8601.00 %
201636 134 0161.04 %
201736 508 0031.03 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.