Cape Verde Population clock

23-05-2017 15:45:29
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Cape Verde population 2017

During 2017 Cape Verde population is projected to increased by 6 318 people and reach 535 936 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 8 633. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 2 314 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Cape Verde to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Cape Verde population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Cape Verde will be increased by 17 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Cape Verde 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Cape Verde was estimated to be 529 618 people. This is an increase of 1.19 % (6 244 people) compared to population of 523 374 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 8 531. Due to external migration, the population declined by 2 287. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.983 (983 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Cape Verde population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Cape Verde population density

Cape Verde population density is 131.3 people per square kilometer as of May 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Cape Verde divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Cape Verde. The total area of Cape Verde is 4 033 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Cape Verde age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Cape Verde had the following population age distribution:

32.6 61.9 5.5

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Cape Verde population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Cape Verde age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Cape Verde is 61.5 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Cape Verde must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Cape Verde is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Cape Verde is 52.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Cape Verde is 8.8 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Cape Verde age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Cape Verde is 70.7 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 68.5 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 73 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 311 861 persons or 87.37% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Cape Verde are able to read and write. Accordingly about 45 080 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 92.1% (156 263 persons). 13 411 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 83.09% (155 598 persons). 31 669 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 98.12% and 98.56% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 98.34%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Cape Verde population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Cape Verde historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Cape Verde population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1951182 095N/A %
1952188 8233.69 %
1953193 1802.31 %
1954195 7361.32 %
1955197 0270.66 %
1956197 5620.27 %
1957197 8180.13 %
1958198 2370.21 %
1959199 2220.50 %
1960201 1100.95 %
1961204 1371.51 %
1962208 4122.09 %
1963213 8902.63 %
1964220 3843.04 %
1965227 6413.29 %
1966235 5963.49 %
1967244 2493.67 %
1968253 1063.63 %
1969261 1823.19 %
1970267 5412.43 %
1971271 6251.53 %
1972273 4210.66 %
1973273 5000.03 %
1974272 860-0.23 %
1975272 542-0.12 %
1976273 1000.20 %
1977274 5520.53 %
1978276 8160.82 %
1979279 8541.10 %
1980283 5771.33 %
1981288 0141.56 %
1982293 2501.82 %
1983299 1232.00 %
1984305 2132.04 %
1985311 1141.93 %
1986316 5691.75 %
1987321 5671.58 %
1988326 4171.51 %
1989331 6671.61 %
1990337 8651.87 %
1991345 2912.20 %
1992353 9002.49 %
1993363 4482.70 %
1994373 5932.79 %
1995383 9602.77 %
1996394 3322.70 %
1997404 6572.62 %
1998414 8452.52 %
1999424 7302.38 %
2000434 1572.22 %
2001443 0472.05 %
2002451 3771.88 %
2003459 0361.70 %
2004465 8301.48 %
2005471 6051.24 %
2006476 2450.98 %
2007479 7720.74 %
2008482 5510.58 %
2009485 2490.56 %
2010488 5260.68 %
2011492 7690.87 %
2012498 0151.06 %
2013504 0641.21 %
2014510 5821.29 %
2015517 2041.30 %
2016523 3741.19 %
2017529 6181.19 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.