Costa Rica Population clock (live)

22-07-2017 05:37:00
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Costa Rica population 2017

During 2017 Costa Rica population is projected to increased by 54 923 people and reach 4 945 674 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 50 815. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 4 108 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Costa Rica (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Costa Rica population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Costa Rica will be increased by 150 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Costa Rica 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Costa Rica was estimated to be 4 890 751 people. This is an increase of 1.12 % (54 313 people) compared to population of 4 836 438 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 50 251. Due to external migration, the population increased by 4 063. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.031 (1 031 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Costa Rica population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Costa Rica population density

Costa Rica population density is 95.7 people per square kilometer as of July 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Costa Rica divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Costa Rica. The total area of Costa Rica is 51 100 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Costa Rica age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Costa Rica had the following population age distribution:

24.6 69.1 6.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Costa Rica population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Costa Rica age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Costa Rica is 44.8 %.

The value of 44.8 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Costa Rica must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Costa Rica is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Costa Rica is 35.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Costa Rica is 9.2 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Costa Rica age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Costa Rica is 77.7 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 75.1 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 80.5 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 3 606 218 persons or 97.76% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Costa Rica are able to read and write. Accordingly about 82 778 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 97.69% (1 799 685 persons). 42 612 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 97.83% (1 806 533 persons). 40 166 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.22% and 99.43% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.32%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Costa Rica population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Costa Rica historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Costa Rica population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1951972 824N/A %
19521 001 0172.90 %
19531 032 0493.10 %
19541 065 5513.25 %
19551 101 2493.35 %
19561 138 9693.43 %
19571 178 6323.48 %
19581 220 2483.53 %
19591 263 8903.58 %
19601 309 6363.62 %
19611 357 4813.65 %
19621 407 2523.67 %
19631 458 5483.65 %
19641 510 7743.58 %
19651 563 3303.48 %
19661 615 9073.36 %
19671 668 4503.25 %
19681 720 7913.14 %
19691 772 5933.01 %
19701 823 5942.88 %
19711 873 6202.74 %
19721 922 7072.62 %
19731 971 3962.53 %
19742 020 6622.50 %
19752 071 4952.52 %
19762 124 4512.56 %
19772 179 6102.60 %
19782 236 9402.63 %
19792 296 4312.66 %
19802 358 0092.68 %
19812 421 7182.70 %
19822 487 6452.72 %
19832 555 5482.73 %
19842 624 8522.71 %
19852 695 0022.67 %
19862 765 6092.62 %
19872 836 6002.57 %
19882 908 3872.53 %
19892 981 7572.52 %
19903 057 4742.54 %
19913 135 8242.56 %
19923 216 5592.57 %
19933 299 2342.57 %
19943 383 3492.55 %
19953 468 3092.51 %
19963 553 8292.47 %
19973 639 7292.42 %
19983 725 0472.34 %
19993 808 0472.23 %
20003 887 0882.08 %
20013 961 1251.90 %
20024 030 0041.74 %
20034 094 5891.60 %
20044 156 5051.51 %
20054 217 4411.47 %
20064 278 3171.44 %
20074 339 1281.42 %
20084 399 4861.39 %
20094 458 8841.35 %
20104 516 7671.30 %
20114 572 8801.24 %
20124 627 3181.19 %
20134 680 2911.14 %
20144 732 0201.11 %
20154 782 7281.07 %
20164 836 4381.12 %
20174 890 7511.12 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.