Cuba Population clock

27-03-2017 09:36:57
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Cuba population 2017

During 2017 Cuba population is projected to increased by 16 441 people and reach 11 433 588 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 32 539. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 16 098 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Cuba to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Cuba population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Cuba will be increased by 45 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Cuba 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Cuba was estimated to be 11 417 147 people. This is an increase of 0.14 % (16 417 people) compared to population of 11 400 730 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 32 492. Due to external migration, the population declined by 16 075. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.012 (1 012 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Cuba population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Cuba population density

Cuba population density is 103.0 people per square kilometer as of March 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Cuba divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Cuba. The total area of Cuba is 110 860 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Cuba age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Cuba had the following population age distribution:

17.3 71.1 11.7

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Cuba population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "Cuba age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Cuba is 40.7 %.

The value of 40.7 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Cuba must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Cuba is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Cuba is 24.3 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Cuba is 16.4 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Cuba age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Cuba is 77.7 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 75.5 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 80.1 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 9 417 196 persons or 99.71% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Cuba are able to read and write. Accordingly about 27 182 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 99.65% (4 649 474 persons). 16 143 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 99.77% (4 767 722 persons). 11 039 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.87% and 99.91% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.89%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Cuba population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Cuba historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Cuba population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19515 985 644N/A %
19526 115 6612.17 %
19536 242 2782.07 %
19546 364 3491.96 %
19556 481 8221.85 %
19566 595 7781.76 %
19576 708 4371.71 %
19586 822 9981.71 %
19596 943 3481.76 %
19607 073 3081.87 %
19617 215 4792.01 %
19627 370 1162.14 %
19637 534 3822.23 %
19647 702 7542.23 %
19657 869 5392.17 %
19668 031 1782.05 %
19678 186 9881.94 %
19688 338 4381.85 %
19698 488 2601.80 %
19708 639 1571.78 %
19718 792 5421.78 %
19728 947 6301.76 %
19739 100 6751.71 %
19749 245 7111.59 %
19759 376 9081.42 %
19769 491 3571.22 %
19779 589 4731.03 %
19789 673 0350.87 %
19799 744 3400.74 %
19809 806 2320.64 %
19819 859 6980.55 %
19829 904 9190.46 %
19839 946 1760.42 %
19849 991 8970.46 %
198510 050 0260.58 %
198610 125 4940.75 %
198710 218 6370.92 %
198810 324 1781.03 %
198910 432 5951.05 %
199010 534 0960.97 %
199110 623 3300.85 %
199210 700 1760.72 %
199310 766 6660.62 %
199410 825 4960.55 %
199510 879 7420.50 %
199610 930 7100.47 %
199710 977 9020.43 %
199811 021 1620.39 %
199911 061 2000.36 %
200011 098 6470.34 %
200111 134 1300.32 %
200211 168 0060.30 %
200311 199 6890.28 %
200411 227 7590.25 %
200511 250 8660.21 %
200611 268 1260.15 %
200711 279 6210.10 %
200811 287 1410.07 %
200911 293 8410.06 %
201011 302 7880.08 %
201111 315 8520.12 %
201211 333 1010.15 %
201311 352 5680.17 %
201411 370 8080.16 %
201511 384 3370.12 %
201611 400 7300.14 %
201711 417 1470.14 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.