Cuba Population clock (live)

25-06-2018 05:34:45
11,441,494
Current population
5,754,471
Current male population (50.3%)
5,687,023
Current female population (49.7%)
57,705
Births this year
90
Births today
42,057
Deaths this year
66
Deaths today
-7,742
Net migration this year
-12
Net migration today
7,906
Population growth this year
12
Population growth today

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Quick facts about the population of Cuba


Current population (as of Monday, June 25 2018)
11,441,482
Total area
110,860 km2 (42,803 mi2)
Population density
103.2 per km2 (267.3 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
1.01 (5,754,471 men to 5,687,023 women)
Median age
41.1 years
Life expectancy
77.7 years (75.5 - men, 80.1 - women)
Literacy
99.7 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Cuba population 2018

During 2018 Cuba population is projected to increased by 16,464 people and reach 11,450,052 in the beginning of 2019. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 32,586. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 16,121 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Cuba to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2018

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Cuba population in 2018 will be the following:

The population of Cuba will be increased by 45 persons daily in 2018.

Demographics of Cuba 2017

As of 1 January 2018, the population of Cuba was estimated to be 11,433,588 people. This is an increase of 0.14 % (16,441 people) compared to population of 11,417,147 the year before. In 2017 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 32,539. Due to external migration, the population declined by 16,098. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.010 (1,010 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2017.

Below are the key figures for Cuba population in 2017:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2018

Cuba population density

Cuba population density is 103.1 people per square kilometer (267.1/mi2) as of June 2018. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Cuba divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Cuba. The total area of Cuba is 110,860 km2 (42,803 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Religion in Cuba

ReligionNumber of followersPercentage of total population
Christianity6,784,79959.3
Religiously Unaffiliated2,631,54123.0
Hinduism22,8830.2

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Major Religious Groups as of 2010 external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Monday, June 25 2018).

Cuba age structure

As of the beginning of 2018 according to our estimates Cuba had the following population age distribution:

17.3 71.1 11.7

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Cuba population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "Cuba age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Cuba is 40.7 %.

The value of 40.7 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Cuba must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Cuba is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Cuba is 24.3 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Cuba is 16.4 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Cuba age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Cuba is 77.7 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 75.5 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 80.1 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 9,430,757 persons or 99.71% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Cuba are able to read and write. Accordingly about 27,221 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 99.65% (4,656,169 persons). 16,166 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 99.77% (4,774,588 persons). 11,055 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.87% and 99.91% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.89%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Cuba population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Cuba historical population (1951 - 2018)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Cuba population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19515,985,644N/A %
19526,115,6612.17 %
19536,242,2782.07 %
19546,364,3491.96 %
19556,481,8221.85 %
19566,595,7781.76 %
19576,708,4371.71 %
19586,822,9981.71 %
19596,943,3481.76 %
19607,073,3081.87 %
19617,215,4792.01 %
19627,370,1162.14 %
19637,534,3822.23 %
19647,702,7542.23 %
19657,869,5392.17 %
19668,031,1782.05 %
19678,186,9881.94 %
19688,338,4381.85 %
19698,488,2601.80 %
19708,639,1571.78 %
19718,792,5421.78 %
19728,947,6301.76 %
19739,100,6751.71 %
19749,245,7111.59 %
19759,376,9081.42 %
19769,491,3571.22 %
19779,589,4731.03 %
19789,673,0350.87 %
19799,744,3400.74 %
19809,806,2320.64 %
19819,859,6980.55 %
19829,904,9190.46 %
19839,946,1760.42 %
19849,991,8970.46 %
198510,050,0260.58 %
198610,125,4940.75 %
198710,218,6370.92 %
198810,324,1781.03 %
198910,432,5951.05 %
199010,534,0960.97 %
199110,623,3300.85 %
199210,700,1760.72 %
199310,766,6660.62 %
199410,825,4960.55 %
199510,879,7420.50 %
199610,930,7100.47 %
199710,977,9020.43 %
199811,021,1620.39 %
199911,061,2000.36 %
200011,098,6470.34 %
200111,134,1300.32 %
200211,168,0060.30 %
200311,199,6890.28 %
200411,227,7590.25 %
200511,250,8660.21 %
200611,268,1260.15 %
200711,279,6210.10 %
200811,287,1410.07 %
200911,293,8410.06 %
201011,302,7880.08 %
201111,315,8520.12 %
201211,333,1010.15 %
201311,352,5680.17 %
201411,370,8080.16 %
201511,384,3370.12 %
201611,400,7300.14 %
201711,417,1470.14 %
201811,433,5880.14 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.