Djibouti Population clock

26-03-2017 18:02:20
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Deaths this year
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Deaths today
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Djibouti population 2017

During 2017 Djibouti population is projected to increased by 12 036 people and reach 917 654 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 15 405. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 3 369 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Djibouti to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Djibouti population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Djibouti will be increased by 33 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Djibouti 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Djibouti was estimated to be 905 618 people. This is an increase of 1.33 % (11 878 people) compared to population of 893 740 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 15 203. Due to external migration, the population declined by 3 325. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.001 (1 001 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Djibouti population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Djibouti population density

Djibouti population density is 39.0 people per square kilometer as of March 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Djibouti divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Djibouti. The total area of Djibouti is 23 200 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Djibouti age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Djibouti had the following population age distribution:

35 61.7 3.3

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Djibouti population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Djibouti age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Djibouti is 62.1 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Djibouti must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Djibouti is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Djibouti is 56.7 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Djibouti is 5.4 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Djibouti age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Djibouti is 61.1 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 58.7 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 63.7 years.

Djibouti historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Djibouti population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
195162 655N/A %
195264 0292.19 %
195365 5112.31 %
195467 0752.39 %
195568 7362.48 %
195670 5462.63 %
195772 6012.91 %
195875 0293.34 %
195977 9863.94 %
196081 6274.67 %
196186 0685.44 %
196291 3506.14 %
196397 4116.63 %
1964104 1036.87 %
1965111 2746.89 %
1966118 9166.87 %
1967127 1366.91 %
1968135 9326.92 %
1969145 1766.80 %
1970154 7796.61 %
1971164 5196.29 %
1972174 2915.94 %
1973184 8746.07 %
1974197 8477.02 %
1975214 6708.50 %
1976236 40110.12 %
1977263 12111.30 %
1978292 91811.32 %
1979322 23410.01 %
1980347 6077.87 %
1981366 8225.53 %
1982379 7133.51 %
1983388 8262.40 %
1984398 7492.55 %
1985414 0303.83 %
1986437 2695.61 %
1987468 3177.10 %
1988504 4167.71 %
1989541 0387.26 %
1990573 5836.02 %
1991599 5184.52 %
1992618 8713.23 %
1993633 1392.31 %
1994644 5471.80 %
1995655 4771.70 %
1996667 1391.78 %
1997679 4231.84 %
1998691 9501.84 %
1999704 4541.81 %
2000716 6071.73 %
2001728 3251.64 %
2002739 7741.57 %
2003751 0581.53 %
2004762 1501.48 %
2005773 0251.43 %
2006783 6741.38 %
2007794 1251.33 %
2008804 4741.30 %
2009814 8681.29 %
2010825 4501.30 %
2011836 3021.31 %
2012847 4361.33 %
2013858 8121.34 %
2014870 3641.35 %
2015882 0181.34 %
2016893 7401.33 %
2017905 6181.33 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.