El Salvador Population clock

20-02-2017 23:06:07
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



El Salvador population 2017

During 2017 El Salvador population is projected to increased by 17 843 people and reach 6 170 519 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 66 510. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 48 668 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave El Salvador to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population dynamics in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of El Salvador population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of El Salvador will be increased by 49 persons daily in 2017.

Population of El Salvador 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of El Salvador was estimated to be 6 152 676 people. This is an increase of 0.29 % (17 791 people) compared to population of 6 134 885 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 66 318. Due to external migration, the population declined by 48 527. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.903 (903 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for El Salvador population in 2016:

El Salvador population density

El Salvador population density is 292.4 people per square kilometer as of February 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of El Salvador divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of El Salvador. The total area of El Salvador is 21 040 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

El Salvador age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates El Salvador had the following population age distribution:

30.6 63 6.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the El Salvador population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "El Salvador age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in El Salvador is 58.8 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in El Salvador must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in El Salvador is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in El Salvador is 48.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in El Salvador is 10.2 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "El Salvador age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for El Salvador is 73.4 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 70.2 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 76.9 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 3 774 666 persons or 88.43% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in El Salvador are able to read and write. Accordingly about 493 630 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 90.71% (1 815 868 persons). 185 905 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 86.42% (1 958 797 persons). 307 726 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 97.49% and 97.89% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 97.69%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "El Salvador population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

El Salvador historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

El Salvador population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19512 218 237N/A %
19522 257 4411.77 %
19532 301 4321.95 %
19542 349 7652.10 %
19552 402 1522.23 %
19562 458 4572.34 %
19572 518 7032.45 %
19582 583 0502.55 %
19592 651 7532.66 %
19602 725 0632.76 %
19612 803 0722.86 %
19622 885 5542.94 %
19632 971 8732.99 %
19643 061 0363.00 %
19653 152 0262.97 %
19663 244 1312.92 %
19673 337 0362.86 %
19683 430 6882.81 %
19693 525 1852.75 %
19703 620 6302.71 %
19713 716 9222.66 %
19723 813 6922.60 %
19733 910 3742.54 %
19744 006 2872.45 %
19754 100 7422.36 %
19764 193 3652.26 %
19774 284 0112.16 %
19784 372 2212.06 %
19794 457 1911.94 %
19804 538 2201.82 %
19814 614 8711.69 %
19824 687 1651.57 %
19834 755 8721.47 %
19844 822 3761.40 %
19854 888 1061.36 %
19864 953 7301.34 %
19875 019 2071.32 %
19885 084 7311.31 %
19895 150 8991.30 %
19905 218 1521.31 %
19915 286 8291.32 %
19925 356 8591.32 %
19935 426 9881.31 %
19945 494 9231.25 %
19955 558 3781.15 %
19965 616 0531.04 %
19975 667 8320.92 %
19985 714 1880.82 %
19995 755 8680.73 %
20005 793 7480.66 %
20015 828 2870.60 %
20025 859 5200.54 %
20035 887 6150.48 %
20045 913 0090.43 %
20055 936 1480.39 %
20065 957 3810.36 %
20075 976 9850.33 %
20085 995 3070.31 %
20096 012 7840.29 %
20106 029 8370.28 %
20116 046 7570.28 %
20126 063 7210.28 %
20136 080 9390.28 %
20146 098 6750.29 %
20156 117 1450.30 %
20166 134 8850.29 %
20176 152 6760.29 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.