Eritrea Population clock

16-01-2017 22:13:10
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .


See also:

Eritrea Economy

World population clock

China Population

India Population


Population of Eritrea 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Eritrea was estimated to be 5 395 998 people. This is an increase of 2.17 % (114 658 people) compared to population of 5 281 340 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 148 723. Due to external migration, the population declined by 34 065. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.972 (972 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for Eritrea population in 2016:

Eritrea population 2017

During 2017 Eritrea population is projected to increased by 117 147 people and reach 5 513 145 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 151 951. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 34 804 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Eritrea to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population dynamics in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Eritrea population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Eritrea will be increased by 321 persons daily in 2017.

Eritrea population density

Eritrea population density is 45.9 people per square kilometer as of January 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Eritrea divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Eritrea. The total area of Eritrea is 117 600 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Eritrea age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Eritrea had the following population age distribution:

42.1 54.3 3.6

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Eritrea population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Eritrea age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Eritrea is 84.3 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Eritrea must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 84.3 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Eritrea is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Eritrea is 77.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Eritrea is 6.7 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Eritrea age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Eritrea is 62.5 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 60.4 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 64.7 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 2 302 808 persons or 73.72% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Eritrea are able to read and write. Accordingly about 821 098 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 82.39% (1 255 456 persons). 268 266 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 65.45% (1 047 352 persons). 552 832 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 94.55% and 91.91% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 93.25%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Eritrea population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Eritrea historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Eritrea population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19511 152 404N/A %
19521 173 6761.85 %
19531 196 4181.94 %
19541 220 5232.01 %
19551 245 9162.08 %
19561 272 5492.14 %
19571 300 4022.19 %
19581 329 4862.24 %
19591 359 8302.28 %
19601 391 4762.33 %
19611 424 4642.37 %
19621 458 8092.41 %
19631 494 4962.45 %
19641 531 4842.47 %
19651 569 7422.50 %
19661 609 2602.52 %
19671 650 0772.54 %
19681 692 3342.56 %
19691 736 2572.60 %
19701 782 0742.64 %
19711 829 9382.69 %
19721 879 9012.73 %
19731 931 9252.77 %
19741 985 9132.79 %
19752 041 7642.81 %
19762 099 3712.82 %
19772 158 7022.83 %
19782 219 9682.84 %
19792 283 5922.87 %
19802 349 9562.91 %
19812 418 7742.93 %
19822 489 3472.92 %
19832 561 8162.91 %
19842 637 1722.94 %
19852 716 1052.99 %
19862 799 8173.08 %
19872 888 5063.17 %
19882 977 0753.07 %
19893 055 6812.64 %
19903 115 0831.94 %
19913 149 8641.12 %
19923 160 6310.34 %
19933 155 714-0.16 %
19943 149 341-0.20 %
19953 155 9830.21 %
19963 183 3470.87 %
19973 231 6051.52 %
19983 298 9202.08 %
19993 383 4422.56 %
20003 482 4062.92 %
20013 595 0813.24 %
20023 721 7693.52 %
20033 858 4703.67 %
20043 996 6833.58 %
20054 128 1163.29 %
20064 247 8572.90 %
20074 355 3702.53 %
20084 453 4692.25 %
20094 547 0942.10 %
20104 641 6072.08 %
20114 739 6162.11 %
20124 840 9012.14 %
20134 945 5292.16 %
20145 054 6342.21 %
20155 169 1182.26 %
20165 281 3402.17 %
20175 395 9982.17 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.