|Current male population (46.7%)|
|Current female population (53.3%)|
|Births this year|
|Deaths this year|
|Net migration this year|
|Net migration today|
|Population growth this year|
|Population growth today|
|Current population (as of Friday, March 23 2018)|
|45,230 km2 (17,463 mi2)|
|28.7 per km2 (74.4 people/mi2)|
|0.88 (607,214 men to 692,116 women)|
|73.3 years (68.0 - men, 79.0 - women)|
(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)
During 2018 Estonia population is projected to decreased by -3,836 people and reach 1,296,348 in the beginning of 2019. The number of deaths will exceed the number of live births by 1,508, so the natural increase is expected to be negative. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 2,327 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Estonia to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).
According to our estimations, daily change rates of Estonia population in 2018 will be the following:
As of 1 January 2018, the population of Estonia was estimated to be 1,300,184 people. This is a decrease of -0.30 % (-3,847 people) compared to population of 1,304,031 the year before. In 2017 the natural increase was negative, as the number of deaths exceeded the number of live births by 1,513. Due to external migration, the population declined by 2,334. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.880 (880 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2017.
Below are the key figures for Estonia population in 2017:
Estonia population density is 28.7 people per square kilometer (74.5/mi2) as of March 2018. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Estonia divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Estonia. The total area of Estonia is 45,230 km2 (17,463 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .
As of the beginning of 2018 according to our estimates Estonia had the following population age distribution:
|- percentage of population under 15|
|- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old|
|- percentage of population 65+|
In absolute figures (estimate):
We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.
Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.
As we can see the Estonia population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.
Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.
This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.
The total dependency ratio of population in Estonia is 48.9 %.
The value of 48.9 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Estonia must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Estonia is relatively low.
Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.
Child dependency ratio in Estonia is 22.5 %.
Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.
Aged dependency ratio in Estonia is 26.4 %.
Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.
Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Estonia is 73.3 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).
Male life expectancy at birth is 68 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 79 years.
According to our estimates 1,101,664 persons or 99.82% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Estonia are able to read and write. Accordingly about 1,933 adults are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult male population is 99.85% (490,692 persons). 752 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 99.81% (610,972 persons). 1,181 are illiterate.
Youth literacy rates are 99.96% and 99.97% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.97%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.
The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.
The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.