Ethiopia Population clock

23-06-2017 22:06:21
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Deaths this year
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Deaths today
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Ethiopia population 2017

During 2017 Ethiopia population is projected to increased by 2 611 092 people and reach 105 816 316 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 2 624 509. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 13 417 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Ethiopia to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Ethiopia population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Ethiopia will be increased by 7 154 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Ethiopia 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Ethiopia was estimated to be 103 205 224 people. This is an increase of 2.53 % (2 546 662 people) compared to population of 100 658 562 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 2 559 747. Due to external migration, the population declined by 13 086. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.991 (991 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Ethiopia population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Ethiopia population density

Ethiopia population density is 93.5 people per square kilometer as of June 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Ethiopia divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Ethiopia. The total area of Ethiopia is 1 104 300 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Ethiopia age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Ethiopia had the following population age distribution:

46.3 51 2.7

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Ethiopia population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Ethiopia age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Ethiopia is 95.9 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Ethiopia must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 95.9 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Ethiopia is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Ethiopia is 90.7 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Ethiopia is 5.2 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Ethiopia age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Ethiopia is 56.2 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 53.6 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 58.8 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 27 128 095 persons or 48.93% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Ethiopia are able to read and write. Accordingly about 28 312 719 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 57.21% (15 427 851 persons). 11 539 674 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 41.09% (11 700 244 persons). 16 773 045 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 71.13% and 67.81% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 69.48%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Ethiopia population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Ethiopia historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Ethiopia population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
195118 297 476N/A %
195218 643 2761.89 %
195319 001 9371.92 %
195419 372 1071.95 %
195519 753 6201.97 %
195620 147 5291.99 %
195720 556 1102.03 %
195820 982 7132.08 %
195921 431 4712.14 %
196021 906 5812.22 %
196122 411 1752.30 %
196222 946 2312.39 %
196323 509 8552.46 %
196424 097 6722.50 %
196524 705 2582.52 %
196625 327 3642.52 %
196725 960 9742.50 %
196826 613 1152.51 %
196927 299 5412.58 %
197028 034 3112.69 %
197128 830 5852.84 %
197229 690 5892.98 %
197330 581 8683.00 %
197431 442 0112.81 %
197532 211 9172.45 %
197632 856 5382.00 %
197733 379 3451.59 %
197833 833 7921.36 %
197934 311 4301.41 %
198034 904 7011.73 %
198135 666 6472.18 %
198236 601 4182.62 %
198337 684 4472.96 %
198438 876 4403.16 %
198540 134 7503.24 %
198641 436 5543.24 %
198742 783 6653.25 %
198844 189 4623.29 %
198945 671 1553.35 %
199047 245 3493.45 %
199148 921 0413.55 %
199250 693 8823.62 %
199352 540 3603.64 %
199454 422 2313.58 %
199556 301 8723.45 %
199658 156 8203.29 %
199759 984 8393.14 %
199861 800 4063.03 %
199963 628 8542.96 %
200065 496 8822.94 %
200167 418 3662.93 %
200269 392 1492.93 %
200371 411 7302.91 %
200473 469 6322.88 %
200575 557 7032.84 %
200677 672 0532.80 %
200779 813 8222.76 %
200881 985 7882.72 %
200984 190 8542.69 %
201086 431 9572.66 %
201188 710 2552.64 %
201291 024 9542.61 %
201393 374 7932.58 %
201495 758 5532.55 %
201598 174 7412.52 %
2016100 658 5622.53 %
2017103 205 2242.53 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.