Gambia Population clock

23-05-2017 15:42:53
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Gambia population 2017

During 2017 Gambia population is projected to increased by 67 560 people and reach 2 155 958 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 70 609. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 3 049 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Gambia to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Gambia population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Gambia will be increased by 185 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Gambia 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Gambia was estimated to be 2 088 398 people. This is an increase of 3.24 % (65 443 people) compared to population of 2 022 955 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 68 396. Due to external migration, the population declined by 2 954. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.975 (975 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Gambia population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Gambia population density

Gambia population density is 184.8 people per square kilometer as of May 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Gambia divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Gambia. The total area of Gambia is 11 300 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Gambia age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Gambia had the following population age distribution:

40 56.9 3.1

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Gambia population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Gambia age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Gambia is 75.8 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Gambia must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 75.8 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Gambia is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Gambia is 70.3 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Gambia is 5.5 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Gambia age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Gambia is 63.5 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 61.2 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 65.9 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 696 744 persons or 55.61% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Gambia are able to read and write. Accordingly about 556 253 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 63.91% (392 426 persons). 221 584 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 47.63% (304 318 persons). 334 669 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 75.55% and 70.84% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 73.18%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Gambia population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Gambia historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Gambia population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1951272 046N/A %
1952274 7450.99 %
1953280 1371.96 %
1954288 1082.85 %
1955298 3733.56 %
1956310 4704.05 %
1957323 7554.28 %
1958337 4344.23 %
1959350 6163.91 %
1960362 4483.37 %
1961372 3332.73 %
1962380 1312.09 %
1963386 2981.62 %
1964391 8111.43 %
1965397 7091.51 %
1966404 5241.71 %
1967412 2621.91 %
1968420 9262.10 %
1969430 6552.31 %
1970441 5422.53 %
1971453 7382.76 %
1972467 3663.00 %
1973482 1993.17 %
1974497 6863.21 %
1975513 2913.14 %
1976528 7403.01 %
1977544 1162.91 %
1978559 8262.89 %
1979576 4922.98 %
1980594 7633.17 %
1981614 8923.38 %
1982636 8083.56 %
1983660 7163.75 %
1984687 1644.00 %
1985716 5954.28 %
1986749 3454.57 %
1987785 3664.81 %
1988823 5974.87 %
1989862 1034.68 %
1990898 9794.28 %
1991933 1513.80 %
1992964 5963.37 %
1993993 9993.05 %
19941 022 4622.86 %
19951 051 1872.81 %
19961 080 7932.82 %
19971 111 3132.82 %
19981 142 8942.84 %
19991 175 9612.89 %
20001 210 8922.97 %
20011 247 9833.06 %
20021 287 3893.16 %
20031 329 0103.23 %
20041 372 5363.28 %
20051 417 6353.29 %
20061 464 1373.28 %
20071 512 0783.27 %
20081 561 5873.27 %
20091 612 8243.28 %
20101 665 9513.29 %
20111 721 0513.31 %
20121 778 1043.32 %
20131 836 9933.31 %
20141 897 5403.30 %
20151 959 5633.27 %
20162 022 9553.24 %
20172 088 3983.24 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.