|Current male population (50.9%)|
|Current female population (49.1%)|
|Births this year|
|Deaths this year|
|Net migration this year|
|Net migration today|
|Population growth this year|
|Population growth today|
|Current population (as of Tuesday, February 20 2018)|
|238,540 km2 (92,101 mi2)|
|122.3 per km2 (316.9 people/mi2)|
|1.04 (14,848,003 men to 14,337,031 women)|
|61.0 years (59.8 - men, 62.3 - women)|
(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)
During 2018 Ghana population is projected to increased by 695,514 people and reach 29,784,363 in the beginning of 2019. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 706,859. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 11,345 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Ghana to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).
According to our estimations, daily change rates of Ghana population in 2018 will be the following:
As of 1 January 2018, the population of Ghana was estimated to be 29,088,849 people. This is an increase of 2.39 % (679,273 people) compared to population of 28,409,576 the year before. In 2017 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 690,353. Due to external migration, the population declined by 11,080. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.040 (1,040 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2017.
Below are the key figures for Ghana population in 2017:
Ghana population density is 121.9 people per square kilometer (315.8/mi2) as of February 2018. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Ghana divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Ghana. The total area of Ghana is 238,540 km2 (92,101 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .
As of the beginning of 2018 according to our estimates Ghana had the following population age distribution:
|- percentage of population under 15|
|- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old|
|- percentage of population 65+|
In absolute figures (estimate):
We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.
Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.
As we can see the Ghana population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.
Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.
This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.
The total dependency ratio of population in Ghana is 66.7 %.
What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Ghana must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Ghana is relatively high.
Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.
Child dependency ratio in Ghana is 60.8 %.
Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.
Aged dependency ratio in Ghana is 5.9 %.
Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.
Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Ghana is 61 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).
Male life expectancy at birth is 59.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 62.3 years.
According to our estimates 14,171,642 persons or 76.67% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Ghana are able to read and write. Accordingly about 4,312,867 adults are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult male population is 82.04% (7,541,950 persons). 1,651,290 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 71.35% (6,629,692 persons). 2,661,577 are illiterate.
Youth literacy rates are 91.32% and 89.86% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 90.6%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.
The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.
The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.