Ghana Population clock (live)

18-08-2017 17:12:46
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Ghana population 2017

During 2017 Ghana population is projected to increased by 679 273 people and reach 29 088 849 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 690 353. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 11 080 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Ghana to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Ghana population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Ghana will be increased by 1 861 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Ghana 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Ghana was estimated to be 28 409 576 people. This is an increase of 2.39 % (663 411 people) compared to population of 27 746 165 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 674 232. Due to external migration, the population declined by 10 821. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.036 (1 036 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Ghana population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Ghana population density

Ghana population density is 119.1 people per square kilometer as of August 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Ghana divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Ghana. The total area of Ghana is 238 540 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Ghana age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Ghana had the following population age distribution:

36.5 60 3.6

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Ghana population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Ghana age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Ghana is 66.7 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Ghana must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Ghana is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Ghana is 60.8 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Ghana is 5.9 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Ghana age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Ghana is 61 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 59.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 62.3 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 13 840 710 persons or 76.67% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Ghana are able to read and write. Accordingly about 4 212 154 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 82.04% (7 365 833 persons). 1 612 729 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 71.35% (6 474 877 persons). 2 599 425 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 91.32% and 89.86% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 90.6%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Ghana population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Ghana historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Ghana population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19515 024 656N/A %
19525 129 8272.09 %
19535 265 2002.64 %
19545 421 7172.97 %
19555 592 3313.15 %
19565 772 0463.21 %
19575 957 9233.22 %
19586 148 9013.21 %
19596 345 4633.20 %
19606 548 7843.20 %
19616 759 4153.22 %
19626 976 0043.20 %
19637 194 4483.13 %
19647 408 3592.97 %
19657 611 9172.75 %
19667 800 7702.48 %
19677 974 2172.22 %
19688 139 2322.07 %
19698 309 1842.09 %
19708 497 1622.26 %
19718 712 1252.53 %
19728 955 4242.79 %
19739 216 8432.92 %
19749 477 1962.82 %
19759 717 8452.54 %
19769 927 4402.16 %
197710 106 6801.81 %
197810 272 1901.64 %
197910 452 6301.76 %
198010 676 3982.14 %
198110 959 8172.65 %
198211 302 8603.13 %
198311 691 6213.44 %
198412 103 1483.52 %
198512 513 7023.39 %
198612 910 1073.17 %
198713 292 1782.96 %
198813 666 4892.82 %
198914 042 5452.75 %
199014 430 3772.76 %
199114 835 4982.81 %
199215 257 1322.84 %
199315 689 3862.83 %
199416 123 2942.77 %
199516 550 1682.65 %
199616 965 1032.51 %
199717 368 8992.38 %
199817 768 7952.30 %
199918 176 7162.30 %
200018 604 7102.35 %
200119 059 3992.44 %
200219 540 9932.53 %
200320 046 7892.59 %
200420 572 9452.62 %
200521 115 0042.63 %
200621 670 7032.63 %
200722 239 9662.63 %
200822 821 9802.62 %
200923 414 5422.60 %
201024 015 4492.57 %
201124 623 1192.53 %
201225 236 5342.49 %
201325 854 4992.45 %
201426 475 5152.40 %
201527 098 2462.35 %
201627 746 1652.39 %
201728 409 5762.39 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.