India Population clock

10-02-2016 20:33:50
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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See also:

India Economy

World population clock

China Population


Population of India 2015

As of 1 January 2016, the population of India was estimated to be 1 304 162 999 people. This is an increase of 1.34 % (17 206 607 people) compared to population of 1 286 956 392 the year before. In 2015 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 17 361 042. Due to external migration, the population declined by 154 435. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.068 (1 068 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2015. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for India population in 2015:

India population 2016

During 2016 India population is projected to increased by 17 436 659 people and reach 1 321 599 658 in the beginning of 2017. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 17 593 159. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 156 500 due to the migration reasons. It means that amount of people who leaves India to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the amount of people who moves into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population dynamics in 2016

According to our estimations, daily change rates of India population in 2016 will be the following:

The population of India will be increased by 47 772 persons daily in 2016.

India population density

India population density is 396.7 people per square kilometer as of February 2016. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of India divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of India. The total area of India is 3 287 260 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

India age structure

As of the beginning of 2016 according to our estimations India had the following population age distribution:

29.7 64.9 5.5

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimation):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the India population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "India age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in India is 54.1 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in India must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in India is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in India is 45.7 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in India is 8.4 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "India age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for India is 66.8 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 65.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 68 years.

India historical population (1960 - 2016)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Growth Rate 1961 - 2016

India population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1960449 595 489N/A %
1961458 626 6872.01 %
1962467 962 1442.04 %
1963477 615 9922.06 %
1964487 607 4062.09 %
1965497 952 3322.12 %
1966508 656 2472.15 %
1967519 722 2462.18 %
1968531 160 9862.20 %
1969542 983 9342.23 %
1970555 199 7682.25 %
1971567 805 0612.27 %
1972580 798 7732.29 %
1973594 192 9692.31 %
1974608 002 5722.32 %
1975622 232 3552.34 %
1976636 883 7172.35 %
1977651 935 1412.36 %
1978667 339 0222.36 %
1979683 032 5392.35 %
1980698 965 5752.33 %
1981715 105 1682.31 %
1982731 443 7522.28 %
1983747 986 2842.26 %
1984764 749 3942.24 %
1985781 736 5022.22 %
1986798 941 8022.20 %
1987816 328 7922.18 %
1988833 833 5102.14 %
1989851 374 6992.10 %
1990868 890 7002.06 %
1991886 348 7122.01 %
1992903 749 6361.96 %
1993921 107 5341.92 %
1994938 452 5501.88 %
1995955 804 3551.85 %
1996973 147 5771.81 %
1997990 460 1311.78 %
19981 007 746 5561.75 %
19991 025 014 7111.71 %
20001 042 261 7581.68 %
20011 059 500 8881.65 %
20021 076 705 7231.62 %
20031 093 786 7621.59 %
20041 110 626 1081.54 %
20051 127 143 5481.49 %
20061 143 289 3501.43 %
20071 159 095 2501.38 %
20081 174 662 3341.34 %
20091 190 138 0691.32 %
20101 205 624 6481.30 %
20111 221 156 3191.29 %
20121 236 686 7321.27 %
20131 253 221 2341.34 %
20141 269 976 8021.34 %
20151 286 956 3921.34 %
20161 304 162 9991.34 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.