India Population clock

26-08-2016 13:10:01
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Births today
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Deaths today
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Net migration this year
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .


See also:

India Economy

World population clock

China Population


Population of India 2015

As of 1 January 2016, the population of India was estimated to be 1 319 577 958 people. This is an increase of 1.26 % (16 406 923 people) compared to population of 1 303 171 035 the year before. In 2015 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 16 941 223. Due to external migration, the population declined by 534 300. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.068 (1 068 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2015. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for India population in 2015:

India population 2016

During 2016 India population is projected to increased by 16 613 486 people and reach 1 336 191 444 in the beginning of 2017. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 17 154 513. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 541 027 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave India to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population dynamics in 2016

According to our estimations, daily change rates of India population in 2016 will be the following:

The population of India will be increased by 45 516 persons daily in 2016.

India population density

India population density is 401.4 people per square kilometer as of August 2016. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of India divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of India. The total area of India is 3 287 260 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

India age structure

As of the beginning of 2016 according to our estimates India had the following population age distribution:

29.7 64.9 5.5

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the India population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "India age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in India is 54.1 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in India must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in India is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in India is 45.7 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in India is 8.4 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "India age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for India is 66.8 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 65.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 68 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 669 482 880 persons or 72.14% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in India are able to read and write. Accordingly about 258 536 710 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 80.95% (385 867 588 persons). 90 829 949 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 62.84% (283 615 291 persons). 167 706 762 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 91.83% and 87.24% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 89.65%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "India population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

India historical population (1951 - 2016)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Growth Rate 1952 - 2016

India population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1951379 278 124N/A %
1952385 373 4001.61 %
1953391 826 7271.67 %
1954398 601 8061.73 %
1955405 673 0561.77 %
1956413 025 8491.81 %
1957420 656 5081.85 %
1958428 571 3751.88 %
1959436 784 9571.92 %
1960445 315 2761.95 %
1961454 176 6661.99 %
1962463 372 8012.02 %
1963472 892 0522.05 %
1964482 710 0362.08 %
1965492 805 1922.09 %
1966503 161 5892.10 %
1967513 782 4892.11 %
1968524 718 3992.13 %
1969536 059 7892.16 %
1970547 894 0372.21 %
1971560 274 3142.26 %
1972573 203 0172.31 %
1973586 626 2612.34 %
1974600 449 2042.36 %
1975614 575 0802.35 %
1976628 943 2262.34 %
1977643 545 1852.32 %
1978658 421 9972.31 %
1979673 647 4942.31 %
1980689 294 1492.32 %
1981705 395 5762.34 %
1982721 932 4342.34 %
1983738 839 1592.34 %
1984756 019 5672.33 %
1985773 374 7032.30 %
1986790 846 1812.26 %
1987808 419 7382.22 %
1988826 088 3192.19 %
1989843 840 2792.15 %
1990861 668 9682.11 %
1991879 557 8232.08 %
1992897 487 6142.04 %
1993915 468 4962.00 %
1994933 539 9221.97 %
1995951 739 5971.95 %
1996970 082 7071.93 %
1997988 553 8411.90 %
19981 007 110 0791.88 %
19991 025 689 7671.84 %
20001 044 228 8491.81 %
20011 062 684 6311.77 %
20021 081 038 7741.73 %
20031 099 279 4681.69 %
20041 117 394 4491.65 %
20051 135 372 8071.61 %
20061 153 207 2991.57 %
20071 170 886 9681.53 %
20081 188 377 8701.49 %
20091 205 626 1461.45 %
20101 222 583 3431.41 %
20111 239 215 2581.36 %
20121 255 517 8251.32 %
20131 271 544 2571.28 %
20141 287 395 2091.25 %
20151 303 171 0351.23 %
20161 319 577 9581.26 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.