Jamaica Population clock

01-05-2016 16:35:11
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Net migration this year
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .


See also:

Jamaica Economy

World population clock

China Population

India Population


Population of Jamaica 2015

As of 1 January 2016, the population of Jamaica was estimated to be 2 798 802 people. This is an increase of 0.38 % (10 484 people) compared to population of 2 788 318 the year before. In 2015 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 30 030. Due to external migration, the population declined by 19 546. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.969 (969 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2015. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for Jamaica population in 2015:

Jamaica population 2016

During 2016 Jamaica population is projected to increased by 10 523 people and reach 2 809 325 in the beginning of 2017. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 30 143. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 19 620 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Jamaica to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population dynamics in 2016

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Jamaica population in 2016 will be the following:

The population of Jamaica will be increased by 29 persons daily in 2016.

Jamaica population density

Jamaica population density is 254.7 people per square kilometer as of May 2016. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Jamaica divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Jamaica. The total area of Jamaica is 10 990 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Jamaica age structure

As of the beginning of 2016 according to our estimates Jamaica had the following population age distribution:

30.1 62.3 7.6

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Jamaica population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Jamaica age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Jamaica is 60.5 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Jamaica must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Jamaica is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Jamaica is 48.3 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Jamaica is 12.2 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Jamaica age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Jamaica is 73.5 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 71.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 75.2 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 1 734 829 persons or 88.67% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Jamaica are able to read and write. Accordingly about 221 645 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 84.04% (803 844 persons). 152 646 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 93.1% (930 985 persons). 68 999 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 94.21% and 98.86% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 96.5%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Jamaica population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Jamaica historical population (1951 - 2016)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Growth Rate 1952 - 2016

Jamaica population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19511 419 874N/A %
19521 452 6062.31 %
19531 482 4952.06 %
19541 508 9711.79 %
19551 531 9181.52 %
19561 551 6911.29 %
19571 569 1151.12 %
19581 585 4301.04 %
19591 602 1701.06 %
19601 620 8831.17 %
19611 642 6881.35 %
19621 667 8421.53 %
19631 695 4561.66 %
19641 723 6531.66 %
19651 750 5261.56 %
19661 774 9921.40 %
19671 797 0941.25 %
19681 817 8151.15 %
19691 838 7261.15 %
19701 861 4081.23 %
19711 886 7981.36 %
19721 914 9001.49 %
19731 944 8001.56 %
19741 974 9621.55 %
19752 003 8551.46 %
19762 030 4641.33 %
19772 054 6721.19 %
19782 077 6311.12 %
19792 101 4481.15 %
19802 128 1591.27 %
19812 159 0361.45 %
19822 194 0171.62 %
19832 231 1451.69 %
19842 267 0041.61 %
19852 298 2281.38 %
19862 322 8821.07 %
19872 341 0000.78 %
19882 354 3660.57 %
19892 365 9360.49 %
19902 378 7600.54 %
19912 394 4440.66 %
19922 412 9330.77 %
19932 433 5860.86 %
19942 455 6460.91 %
19952 478 2220.92 %
19962 500 9400.92 %
19972 523 8920.92 %
19982 546 8420.91 %
19992 569 1070.87 %
20002 590 0340.81 %
20012 609 2100.74 %
20022 626 5520.66 %
20032 642 3020.60 %
20042 656 9370.55 %
20052 670 9690.53 %
20062 684 6660.51 %
20072 698 0250.50 %
20082 710 9750.48 %
20092 723 4600.46 %
20102 735 4140.44 %
20112 746 8060.42 %
20122 757 6620.40 %
20132 768 0900.38 %
20142 778 2580.37 %
20152 788 3180.36 %
20162 798 8020.38 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.