Japan Population clock

20-02-2017 04:39:30
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Births this year
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Births today
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Deaths this year
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Deaths today
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Net migration this year
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Population growth this year
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Japan population 2017

During 2017 Japan population is projected to decreased by -149 135 people and reach 126 236 090 in the beginning of 2018. The number of deaths will exceed the number of live births by 218 646, so the natural increase is expected to be negative. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 69 512 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Japan (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population dynamics in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Japan population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Japan will be declined by 409 persons daily in 2017.

Population of Japan 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Japan was estimated to be 126 385 225 people. This is a decrease of -0.12 % (-149 311 people) compared to population of 126 534 536 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was negative, as the number of deaths exceeded the number of live births by 218 905. Due to external migration, the population increased by 69 594. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.949 (949 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for Japan population in 2016:

Japan population density

Japan population density is 334.4 people per square kilometer as of February 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Japan divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Japan. The total area of Japan is 377 930 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Japan age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Japan had the following population age distribution:

13.1 64 22.9

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Japan population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "Japan age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Japan is 56.3 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Japan must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Japan is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Japan is 20.5 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Japan is 35.7 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Japan age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Japan is 82.3 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 79 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 85.7 years.

Japan historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Japan population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
195182 996 961N/A %
195284 484 6811.79 %
195385 776 4571.53 %
195486 908 3761.32 %
195587 914 3711.16 %
195688 826 2421.04 %
195789 673 6540.95 %
195890 484 0540.90 %
195991 282 5020.88 %
196092 091 2340.89 %
196192 929 0070.91 %
196293 810 4530.95 %
196394 745 6501.00 %
196495 740 3591.05 %
196596 797 4581.10 %
196697 918 2411.16 %
196799 102 8561.21 %
1968100 349 9741.26 %
1969101 656 2701.30 %
1970103 015 6061.34 %
1971104 425 2061.37 %
1972105 879 7051.39 %
1973107 351 1321.39 %
1974108 790 3911.34 %
1975110 149 7861.25 %
1976111 398 6891.13 %
1977112 530 3531.02 %
1978113 561 2180.92 %
1979114 523 9310.85 %
1980115 452 6890.81 %
1981116 366 8370.79 %
1982117 265 2440.77 %
1983118 130 5080.74 %
1984118 935 5090.68 %
1985119 653 7920.60 %
1986120 270 0590.52 %
1987120 786 6430.43 %
1988121 227 3860.36 %
1989121 632 0430.33 %
1990122 040 2140.34 %
1991122 475 9060.36 %
1992122 941 4420.38 %
1993123 419 6060.39 %
1994123 880 2000.37 %
1995124 292 4260.33 %
1996124 639 0610.28 %
1997124 921 6210.23 %
1998125 157 4140.19 %
1999125 373 7270.17 %
2000125 597 8620.18 %
2001125 844 4860.20 %
2002126 111 9040.21 %
2003126 386 6970.22 %
2004126 648 4830.21 %
2005126 875 9180.18 %
2006127 057 6650.14 %
2007127 193 2960.11 %
2008127 283 9580.07 %
2009127 329 3920.04 %
2010127 330 3430.00 %
2011127 286 351-0.03 %
2012127 196 361-0.07 %
2013127 062 393-0.11 %
2014126 889 764-0.14 %
2015126 684 023-0.16 %
2016126 534 536-0.12 %
2017126 385 225-0.12 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.