Madagascar Population clock (live)

29-07-2017 14:47:22
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Madagascar population 2017

During 2017 Madagascar population is projected to increased by 703 577 people and reach 25 957 588 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 704 587. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 1 010 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Madagascar to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Madagascar population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Madagascar will be increased by 1 928 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Madagascar 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Madagascar was estimated to be 25 254 011 people. This is an increase of 2.79 % (684 506 people) compared to population of 24 569 505 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 685 489. Due to external migration, the population declined by 983. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.994 (994 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Madagascar population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Madagascar population density

Madagascar population density is 43.0 people per square kilometer as of July 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Madagascar divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Madagascar. The total area of Madagascar is 587 040 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Madagascar age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Madagascar had the following population age distribution:

43.1 53.8 3

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Madagascar population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Madagascar age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Madagascar is 85.8 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Madagascar must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 85.8 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Madagascar is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Madagascar is 80.1 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Madagascar is 5.7 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Madagascar age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Madagascar is 63.6 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 61.6 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 65.7 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 9 286 103 persons or 64.65% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Madagascar are able to read and write. Accordingly about 5 076 863 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 66.74% (4 735 253 persons). 2 359 609 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 62.61% (4 550 851 persons). 2 717 253 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 65.36% and 64.78% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 65.07%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Madagascar population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Madagascar historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Madagascar population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19514 125 691N/A %
19524 211 9742.09 %
19534 302 1802.14 %
19544 396 1502.18 %
19554 493 8022.22 %
19564 595 1282.25 %
19574 700 2002.29 %
19584 809 1582.32 %
19594 922 2052.35 %
19605 039 5752.38 %
19615 161 4962.42 %
19625 288 1482.45 %
19635 419 6342.49 %
19645 555 9972.52 %
19655 697 3102.54 %
19665 843 6402.57 %
19675 995 1652.59 %
19686 152 4872.62 %
19696 316 5792.67 %
19706 488 3782.72 %
19716 668 3272.77 %
19726 856 3682.82 %
19737 052 3872.86 %
19747 256 3312.89 %
19757 468 0142.92 %
19767 687 7002.94 %
19777 915 6162.96 %
19788 150 2462.96 %
19798 388 4302.92 %
19808 627 2372.85 %
19818 865 0052.76 %
19829 102 0942.67 %
19839 341 5182.63 %
19849 588 3432.64 %
19859 847 7282.71 %
198610 122 7412.79 %
198710 413 9302.88 %
198810 720 6242.95 %
198911 041 6532.99 %
199011 375 6653.03 %
199111 722 0253.04 %
199212 081 0833.06 %
199312 453 8823.09 %
199412 841 8093.11 %
199513 246 1403.15 %
199613 667 5863.18 %
199714 105 9433.21 %
199814 559 7423.22 %
199915 026 5313.21 %
200015 503 8143.18 %
200115 990 2893.14 %
200216 485 8983.10 %
200316 990 6523.06 %
200417 504 3213.02 %
200518 026 8812.99 %
200618 558 2622.95 %
200719 098 5802.91 %
200819 648 9152.88 %
200920 211 2522.86 %
201020 787 6192.85 %
201121 379 2002.85 %
201221 986 2942.84 %
201322 609 1392.83 %
201423 248 1352.83 %
201523 903 5522.82 %
201624 569 5052.79 %
201725 254 0112.79 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.