Malawi Population clock

20-02-2017 04:37:56
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Malawi population 2017

During 2017 Malawi population is projected to increased by 550 687 people and reach 18 558 768 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 557 530. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 6 843 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Malawi to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population dynamics in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Malawi population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Malawi will be increased by 1 509 persons daily in 2017.

Population of Malawi 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Malawi was estimated to be 18 008 081 people. This is an increase of 3.06 % (534 347 people) compared to population of 17 473 734 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 540 987. Due to external migration, the population declined by 6 640. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.002 (1 002 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for Malawi population in 2016:

Malawi population density

Malawi population density is 152.0 people per square kilometer as of February 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Malawi divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Malawi. The total area of Malawi is 118 480 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Malawi age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Malawi had the following population age distribution:

45.1 52.2 2.7

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Malawi population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Malawi age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Malawi is 91.4 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Malawi must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 91.4 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Malawi is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Malawi is 86.3 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Malawi is 5.1 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Malawi age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Malawi is 51.7 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 50.9 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 52.5 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 6 502 968 persons or 65.75% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Malawi are able to read and write. Accordingly about 3 387 430 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 72.99% (3 578 432 persons). 1 324 268 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 58.64% (2 924 537 persons). 2 063 161 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 74.92% and 75.2% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 75.06%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Malawi population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Malawi historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Malawi population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19512 980 973N/A %
19523 036 5521.86 %
19533 094 8811.92 %
19543 155 9521.97 %
19553 219 7572.02 %
19563 286 2822.07 %
19573 355 5102.11 %
19583 427 4242.14 %
19593 502 0132.18 %
19603 579 2902.21 %
19613 659 3182.24 %
19623 742 2382.27 %
19633 828 2842.30 %
19643 917 7742.34 %
19654 011 0522.38 %
19664 108 4062.43 %
19674 210 0732.47 %
19684 316 3392.52 %
19694 427 5602.58 %
19704 544 0982.63 %
19714 666 2162.69 %
19724 794 1312.74 %
19734 928 2152.80 %
19745 069 0002.86 %
19755 216 9772.92 %
19765 373 8283.01 %
19775 541 3143.12 %
19785 717 4793.18 %
19795 896 9053.14 %
19806 074 9323.02 %
19816 245 2852.80 %
19826 405 4582.56 %
19836 571 5122.59 %
19846 775 9903.11 %
19857 049 0814.03 %
19867 411 3865.14 %
19877 862 8116.09 %
19888 364 7136.38 %
19898 847 0155.77 %
19909 241 0434.45 %
19919 506 5992.87 %
19929 643 5591.44 %
19939 690 2770.48 %
19949 711 6240.22 %
19959 774 2120.64 %
19969 914 7901.44 %
199710 133 5942.21 %
199810 411 9882.75 %
199910 723 0492.99 %
200011 037 8872.94 %
200111 342 5272.76 %
200211 640 2782.63 %
200311 939 6042.57 %
200412 249 0472.59 %
200512 577 7322.68 %
200612 930 1152.80 %
200713 305 3802.90 %
200813 701 5242.98 %
200914 116 8643.03 %
201014 549 4403.06 %
201114 998 3193.09 %
201215 463 6253.10 %
201315 945 2813.11 %
201416 442 6903.12 %
201516 955 2433.12 %
201617 473 7343.06 %
201718 008 0813.06 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.