|Current male population (50.0%)|
|Current female population (50.0%)|
|Births this year|
|Deaths this year|
|Net migration this year|
|Net migration today|
|Population growth this year|
|Population growth today|
|Current population (as of Friday, February 23 2018)|
|1,240,190 km2 (478,840 mi2)|
|15.3 per km2 (39.7 people/mi2)|
|1.00 (9,506,807 men to 9,510,611 women)|
|52.6 years (51.0 - men, 54.3 - women)|
(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)
During 2018 Mali population is projected to increased by 562,353 people and reach 19,496,808 in the beginning of 2019. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 632,221. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 69,868 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Mali to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).
According to our estimations, daily change rates of Mali population in 2018 will be the following:
As of 1 January 2018, the population of Mali was estimated to be 18,934,455 people. This is an increase of 2.97 % (546,133 people) compared to population of 18,388,322 the year before. In 2017 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 613,986. Due to external migration, the population declined by 67,853. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.000 (1,000 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2017.
Below are the key figures for Mali population in 2017:
Mali population density is 15.3 people per square kilometer (39.5/mi2) as of February 2018. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Mali divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Mali. The total area of Mali is 1,240,190 km2 (478,840 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .
As of the beginning of 2018 according to our estimates Mali had the following population age distribution:
|- percentage of population under 15|
|- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old|
|- percentage of population 65+|
In absolute figures (estimate):
We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.
Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.
As we can see the Mali population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.
Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.
This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.
The total dependency ratio of population in Mali is 101 %.
As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Mali must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 101 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Mali is very high.
Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.
Child dependency ratio in Mali is 95.1 %.
Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.
Aged dependency ratio in Mali is 5.9 %.
Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.
Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Mali is 52.6 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).
Male life expectancy at birth is 51 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 54.3 years.
According to our estimates 3,839,594 persons or 38.48% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Mali are able to read and write. Accordingly about 6,138,484 adults are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult male population is 48.21% (2,345,413 persons). 2,519,984 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 29.23% (1,494,181 persons). 3,618,500 are illiterate.
Youth literacy rates are 61.46% and 46.36% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 54.08%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.
The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.
The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.