Mali Population clock

26-04-2017 14:57:52
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Mali population 2017

During 2017 Mali population is projected to increased by 546 133 people and reach 18 934 455 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 613 986. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 67 853 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Mali to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Mali population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Mali will be increased by 1 496 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Mali 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Mali was estimated to be 18 388 322 people. This is an increase of 2.97 % (530 381 people) compared to population of 17 857 941 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 596 277. Due to external migration, the population declined by 65 896. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.000 (1 000 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Mali population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Mali population density

Mali population density is 14.8 people per square kilometer as of April 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Mali divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Mali. The total area of Mali is 1 240 190 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Mali age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Mali had the following population age distribution:

47.3 49.7 3

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Mali population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mali age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Mali is 101 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Mali must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 101 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Mali is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Mali is 95.1 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Mali is 5.9 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mali age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Mali is 52.6 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 51 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 54.3 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 3 728 848 persons or 38.48% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Mali are able to read and write. Accordingly about 5 961 430 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 48.21% (2 277 764 persons). 2 447 299 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 29.23% (1 451 084 persons). 3 514 131 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 61.46% and 46.36% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 54.08%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mali population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Mali historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Mali population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19514 733 732N/A %
19524 785 1191.09 %
19534 837 9761.10 %
19544 892 1511.12 %
19554 947 4741.13 %
19565 003 7631.14 %
19575 060 8161.14 %
19585 118 4261.14 %
19595 176 3961.13 %
19605 234 5891.12 %
19615 292 9991.12 %
19625 351 8181.11 %
19635 411 4901.11 %
19645 472 6801.13 %
19655 536 1171.16 %
19665 602 1721.19 %
19675 671 0291.23 %
19685 743 5161.28 %
19695 821 1231.35 %
19705 905 2271.44 %
19715 996 7881.55 %
19726 095 9961.65 %
19736 201 8261.74 %
19746 312 2721.78 %
19756 425 3141.79 %
19766 539 5471.78 %
19776 654 6811.76 %
19786 772 0381.76 %
19796 894 1551.80 %
19807 023 4521.88 %
19817 162 0011.97 %
19827 310 2732.07 %
19837 464 5232.11 %
19847 617 4572.05 %
19857 762 2141.90 %
19867 894 6411.71 %
19878 015 2841.53 %
19888 131 5811.45 %
19898 256 3551.53 %
19908 402 4011.77 %
19918 577 3282.08 %
19928 781 8612.38 %
19939 011 2952.61 %
19949 257 5292.73 %
19959 512 1262.75 %
19969 770 8442.72 %
199710 034 5232.70 %
199810 306 4112.71 %
199910 590 6822.76 %
200010 891 7342.84 %
200111 211 5102.94 %
200211 549 5563.02 %
200311 905 9423.09 %
200412 281 8623.16 %
200512 678 1213.23 %
200613 095 6633.29 %
200713 534 5843.35 %
200813 991 3153.37 %
200914 458 9843.34 %
201014 930 9263.26 %
201115 403 2013.16 %
201215 875 7243.07 %
201316 352 2153.00 %
201416 839 0602.98 %
201517 342 8582.99 %
201617 857 9412.97 %
201718 388 3222.97 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.