Mauritania Population clock

29-05-2017 12:46:33
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Mauritania population 2017

During 2017 Mauritania population is projected to increased by 104 931 people and reach 4 325 814 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 109 363. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 4 432 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Mauritania to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Mauritania population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Mauritania will be increased by 287 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Mauritania 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Mauritania was estimated to be 4 220 883 people. This is an increase of 2.49 % (102 386 people) compared to population of 4 118 497 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 106 710. Due to external migration, the population declined by 4 324. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.010 (1 010 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Mauritania population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Mauritania population density

Mauritania population density is 4.1 people per square kilometer as of May 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Mauritania divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Mauritania. The total area of Mauritania is 1 030 700 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Mauritania age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Mauritania had the following population age distribution:

40.4 56.2 3.5

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Mauritania population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mauritania age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Mauritania is 78.1 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Mauritania must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 78.1 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Mauritania is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Mauritania is 71.9 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Mauritania is 6.1 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mauritania age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Mauritania is 61.1 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 58.9 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 63.4 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 1 293 336 persons or 51.41% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Mauritania are able to read and write. Accordingly about 1 222 437 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 62.6% (736 677 persons). 440 105 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 41.57% (556 659 persons). 782 332 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 70.04% and 54.98% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 62.63%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mauritania population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Mauritania historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Mauritania population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1951668 043N/A %
1952683 7012.34 %
1953700 4532.45 %
1954718 2692.54 %
1955737 1222.62 %
1956756 9852.69 %
1957777 8352.75 %
1958799 6502.80 %
1959822 4102.85 %
1960846 0972.88 %
1961870 6972.91 %
1962896 1982.93 %
1963922 5932.95 %
1964949 8802.96 %
1965978 0572.97 %
19661 007 1242.97 %
19671 037 0832.97 %
19681 067 9362.97 %
19691 099 6882.97 %
19701 132 3492.97 %
19711 165 9272.97 %
19721 200 4292.96 %
19731 235 8762.95 %
19741 272 2972.95 %
19751 309 7212.94 %
19761 348 1642.94 %
19771 387 6312.93 %
19781 428 1432.92 %
19791 469 7382.91 %
19801 512 4482.91 %
19811 556 3352.90 %
19821 601 4482.90 %
19831 647 6952.89 %
19841 694 8612.86 %
19851 742 7482.83 %
19861 791 2742.78 %
19871 840 5242.75 %
19881 890 7982.73 %
19891 942 5552.74 %
19901 996 2682.77 %
19912 052 2242.80 %
19922 110 5162.84 %
19932 171 2262.88 %
19942 234 4732.91 %
19952 300 3562.95 %
19962 368 8732.98 %
19972 439 9843.00 %
19982 513 8093.03 %
19992 590 6183.06 %
20002 670 6143.09 %
20012 753 9623.12 %
20022 840 5873.15 %
20032 929 6793.14 %
20043 019 7843.08 %
20053 109 4852.97 %
20063 197 9252.84 %
20073 285 0242.72 %
20083 371 4192.63 %
20093 458 2402.58 %
20103 546 6642.56 %
20113 637 3112.56 %
20123 730 1442.55 %
20133 824 8762.54 %
20143 921 1552.52 %
20154 018 5952.48 %
20164 118 4972.49 %
20174 220 8832.49 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.