Mongolia Population clock (live)

22-06-2018 21:25:00
3,115,629
Current population
1,537,999
Current male population (49.4%)
1,577,630
Current female population (50.6%)
36,032
Births this year
195
Births today
9,034
Deaths this year
49
Deaths today
-1,552
Net migration this year
-8
Net migration today
25,446
Population growth this year
137
Population growth today

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Quick facts about the population of Mongolia


Current population (as of Friday, June 22 2018)
3,115,492
Total area
1,564,120 km2 (603,910 mi2)
Population density
2.0 per km2 (5.2 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.97 (1,537,999 men to 1,577,630 women)
Median age
27.1 years
Life expectancy
68.3 years (65.9 - men, 70.9 - women)
Literacy
98.4 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Mongolia population 2018

During 2018 Mongolia population is projected to increased by 53,707 people and reach 3,143,890 in the beginning of 2019. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 56,983. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 3,276 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Mongolia to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2018

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Mongolia population in 2018 will be the following:

The population of Mongolia will be increased by 147 persons daily in 2018.

Demographics of Mongolia 2017

As of 1 January 2018, the population of Mongolia was estimated to be 3,090,183 people. This is an increase of 1.74 % (52,790 people) compared to population of 3,037,393 the year before. In 2017 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 56,010. Due to external migration, the population declined by 3,220. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.970 (970 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2017.

Below are the key figures for Mongolia population in 2017:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2018

Mongolia population density

Mongolia population density is 2.0 people per square kilometer (5.1/mi2) as of June 2018. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Mongolia divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Mongolia. The total area of Mongolia is 1,564,120 km2 (603,910 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Religion in Mongolia

ReligionNumber of followersPercentage of total population
Buddhism1,716,63655.1
Religiously Unaffiliated1,118,46235.9
Islam99,6963.2
Christianity71,6562.3

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Major Religious Groups as of 2010 external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Friday, June 22 2018).

Mongolia age structure

As of the beginning of 2018 according to our estimates Mongolia had the following population age distribution:

27.3 68.7 4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Mongolia population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mongolia age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Mongolia is 45.6 %.

The value of 45.6 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Mongolia must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Mongolia is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Mongolia is 39.8 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Mongolia is 5.8 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mongolia age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Mongolia is 68.3 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 65.9 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 70.9 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 2,208,724 persons or 98.38% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Mongolia are able to read and write. Accordingly about 36,324 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 98.18% (1,093,565 persons). 20,260 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 98.58% (1,115,160 persons). 16,063 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 98.05% and 98.98% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 98.51%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mongolia population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Mongolia historical population (1951 - 2018)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Mongolia population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1951786,869N/A %
1952800,7321.76 %
1953815,4931.84 %
1954830,9241.89 %
1955846,9441.93 %
1956863,6321.97 %
1957881,2212.04 %
1958900,0822.14 %
1959920,6852.29 %
1960943,5002.48 %
1961968,8472.69 %
1962996,7542.88 %
19631,026,8563.02 %
19641,058,4503.08 %
19651,090,8213.06 %
19661,123,5433.00 %
19671,156,5732.94 %
19681,190,1472.90 %
19691,224,6612.90 %
19701,260,5192.93 %
19711,297,9372.97 %
19721,336,8593.00 %
19731,376,9873.00 %
19741,417,8642.97 %
19751,459,0372.90 %
19761,500,2582.83 %
19771,541,5392.75 %
19781,583,0602.69 %
19791,625,1002.66 %
19801,667,9572.64 %
19811,711,5512.61 %
19821,755,6032.57 %
19831,800,4712.56 %
19841,847,1512.59 %
19851,896,4862.67 %
19861,949,0982.77 %
19872,004,8282.86 %
19882,061,5312.83 %
19892,115,3612.61 %
19902,162,5762.23 %
19912,201,0331.78 %
19922,230,7131.35 %
19932,253,3551.02 %
19942,271,8500.82 %
19952,289,2670.77 %
19962,307,3050.79 %
19972,326,1330.82 %
19982,345,6410.84 %
19992,365,8770.86 %
20002,386,8020.88 %
20012,408,5840.91 %
20022,431,6160.96 %
20032,456,2741.01 %
20042,482,8331.08 %
20052,511,5341.16 %
20062,542,4661.23 %
20072,575,6301.30 %
20082,611,2211.38 %
20092,649,6191.47 %
20102,691,1151.57 %
20112,735,8661.66 %
20122,783,7071.75 %
20132,833,7571.80 %
20142,884,5231.79 %
20152,934,5031.73 %
20162,985,5051.74 %
20173,037,3931.74 %
20183,090,1831.74 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.