Mongolia Population clock

28-03-2017 07:19:01
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Mongolia population 2017

During 2017 Mongolia population is projected to increased by 52 790 people and reach 3 090 183 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 56 010. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 3 220 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Mongolia to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Mongolia population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Mongolia will be increased by 145 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Mongolia 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Mongolia was estimated to be 3 037 393 people. This is an increase of 1.74 % (51 888 people) compared to population of 2 985 505 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 55 053. Due to external migration, the population declined by 3 165. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.975 (975 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Mongolia population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Mongolia population density

Mongolia population density is 1.9 people per square kilometer as of March 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Mongolia divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Mongolia. The total area of Mongolia is 1 564 120 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Mongolia age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Mongolia had the following population age distribution:

27.3 68.7 4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Mongolia population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mongolia age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Mongolia is 45.6 %.

The value of 45.6 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Mongolia must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Mongolia is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Mongolia is 39.8 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Mongolia is 5.8 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mongolia age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Mongolia is 68.3 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 65.9 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 70.9 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 2 170 993 persons or 98.38% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Mongolia are able to read and write. Accordingly about 35 703 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 98.18% (1 074 884 persons). 19 914 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 98.58% (1 096 109 persons). 15 789 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 98.05% and 98.98% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 98.51%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mongolia population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Mongolia historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Mongolia population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1951786 869N/A %
1952800 7321.76 %
1953815 4931.84 %
1954830 9241.89 %
1955846 9441.93 %
1956863 6321.97 %
1957881 2212.04 %
1958900 0822.14 %
1959920 6852.29 %
1960943 5002.48 %
1961968 8472.69 %
1962996 7542.88 %
19631 026 8563.02 %
19641 058 4503.08 %
19651 090 8213.06 %
19661 123 5433.00 %
19671 156 5732.94 %
19681 190 1472.90 %
19691 224 6612.90 %
19701 260 5192.93 %
19711 297 9372.97 %
19721 336 8593.00 %
19731 376 9873.00 %
19741 417 8642.97 %
19751 459 0372.90 %
19761 500 2582.83 %
19771 541 5392.75 %
19781 583 0602.69 %
19791 625 1002.66 %
19801 667 9572.64 %
19811 711 5512.61 %
19821 755 6032.57 %
19831 800 4712.56 %
19841 847 1512.59 %
19851 896 4862.67 %
19861 949 0982.77 %
19872 004 8282.86 %
19882 061 5312.83 %
19892 115 3612.61 %
19902 162 5762.23 %
19912 201 0331.78 %
19922 230 7131.35 %
19932 253 3551.02 %
19942 271 8500.82 %
19952 289 2670.77 %
19962 307 3050.79 %
19972 326 1330.82 %
19982 345 6410.84 %
19992 365 8770.86 %
20002 386 8020.88 %
20012 408 5840.91 %
20022 431 6160.96 %
20032 456 2741.01 %
20042 482 8331.08 %
20052 511 5341.16 %
20062 542 4661.23 %
20072 575 6301.30 %
20082 611 2211.38 %
20092 649 6191.47 %
20102 691 1151.57 %
20112 735 8661.66 %
20122 783 7071.75 %
20132 833 7571.80 %
20142 884 5231.79 %
20152 934 5031.73 %
20162 985 5051.74 %
20173 037 3931.74 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.