Mozambique Population clock

26-04-2017 14:58:46
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Mozambique population 2017

During 2017 Mozambique population is projected to increased by 815 366 people and reach 29 977 238 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 820 907. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 5 541 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Mozambique to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Mozambique population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Mozambique will be increased by 2 234 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Mozambique 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Mozambique was estimated to be 29 161 872 people. This is an increase of 2.80 % (793 188 people) compared to population of 28 368 684 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 798 578. Due to external migration, the population declined by 5 390. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.950 (950 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Mozambique population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Mozambique population density

Mozambique population density is 36.5 people per square kilometer as of April 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Mozambique divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Mozambique. The total area of Mozambique is 799 380 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Mozambique age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Mozambique had the following population age distribution:

45.9 51.1 3

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Mozambique population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mozambique age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Mozambique is 95.7 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Mozambique must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 95.7 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Mozambique is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Mozambique is 89.9 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Mozambique is 5.8 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mozambique age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Mozambique is 51.8 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 51 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 52.6 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 9 231 710 persons or 58.55% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Mozambique are able to read and write. Accordingly about 6 534 947 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 73.26% (5 459 278 persons). 1 992 746 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 45.37% (3 772 432 persons). 4 542 201 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 83.67% and 69.73% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 76.67%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Mozambique population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Mozambique historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Mozambique population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19516 359 179N/A %
19526 454 0871.49 %
19536 555 1001.57 %
19546 661 9531.63 %
19556 774 4631.69 %
19566 892 5351.74 %
19577 016 1591.79 %
19587 145 4051.84 %
19597 280 4061.89 %
19607 421 3221.94 %
19617 568 2841.98 %
19627 721 3432.02 %
19637 880 4272.06 %
19648 045 3632.09 %
19658 216 0022.12 %
19668 392 5552.15 %
19678 575 4512.18 %
19688 764 6762.21 %
19698 959 7572.23 %
19709 160 3852.24 %
19719 365 4572.24 %
19729 574 2952.23 %
19739 790 4032.26 %
197410 021 1002.36 %
197510 273 0742.51 %
197610 549 3442.69 %
197710 847 7992.83 %
197811 161 0062.89 %
197911 477 6392.84 %
198011 785 7772.68 %
198112 082 4442.52 %
198212 370 1862.38 %
198312 639 3622.18 %
198412 867 5971.81 %
198513 035 6591.31 %
198613 129 1270.72 %
198713 148 8940.15 %
198813 133 401-0.12 %
198913 153 1130.15 %
199013 276 9560.94 %
199113 545 9122.03 %
199213 961 9203.07 %
199314 489 9323.78 %
199415 069 4714.00 %
199515 638 0833.77 %
199616 161 9393.35 %
199716 641 8372.97 %
199817 095 1362.72 %
199917 545 7212.64 %
200018 019 3012.70 %
200118 528 4472.83 %
200219 070 5362.93 %
200319 638 6062.98 %
200420 225 8282.99 %
200520 824 9182.96 %
200621 432 2682.92 %
200722 048 7492.88 %
200822 677 2522.85 %
200923 321 3412.84 %
201023 984 6362.84 %
201124 669 1892.85 %
201225 374 9252.86 %
201326 100 0542.86 %
201426 841 7282.84 %
201527 597 0702.81 %
201628 368 6842.80 %
201729 161 8722.80 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.