Nepal Population clock

28-03-2017 07:13:17
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Nepal population 2017

During 2017 Nepal population is projected to increased by 343 292 people and reach 29 362 095 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 421 353. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 78 061 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Nepal to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Nepal population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Nepal will be increased by 941 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Nepal 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Nepal was estimated to be 29 018 803 people. This is an increase of 1.18 % (339 279 people) compared to population of 28 679 524 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 416 427. Due to external migration, the population declined by 77 148. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.984 (984 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Nepal population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Nepal population density

Nepal population density is 197.2 people per square kilometer as of March 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Nepal divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Nepal. The total area of Nepal is 147 180 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Nepal age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Nepal had the following population age distribution:

34.6 61.1 4.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Nepal population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Nepal age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Nepal is 63.7 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Nepal must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Nepal is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Nepal is 56.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Nepal is 7.1 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Nepal age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Nepal is 66.2 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 64.9 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 67.4 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 12 323 153 persons or 64.9% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Nepal are able to read and write. Accordingly about 6 663 559 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 75.58% (6 868 429 persons). 2 219 679 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 55.11% (5 454 725 persons). 4 443 879 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 92.59% and 87.39% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 89.88%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Nepal population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Nepal historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Nepal population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19518 570 449N/A %
19528 740 3001.98 %
19538 902 6191.86 %
19549 059 7761.77 %
19559 213 7551.70 %
19569 366 1491.65 %
19579 518 1581.62 %
19589 670 6261.60 %
19599 824 1111.59 %
19609 979 0531.58 %
196110 136 0491.57 %
196210 296 1071.58 %
196310 460 8241.60 %
196410 632 2871.64 %
196510 812 4971.69 %
196611 002 8391.76 %
196711 203 9061.83 %
196811 415 6361.89 %
196911 637 5231.94 %
197011 868 9441.99 %
197112 109 7142.03 %
197212 360 1202.07 %
197312 620 4072.11 %
197412 890 6382.14 %
197513 170 8682.17 %
197613 461 0792.20 %
197713 761 2232.23 %
197814 071 3582.25 %
197914 391 6492.28 %
198014 722 2182.30 %
198115 063 6912.32 %
198215 416 6572.34 %
198315 779 8792.36 %
198416 150 4322.35 %
198516 525 7262.32 %
198616 903 1472.28 %
198717 282 0492.24 %
198817 668 6882.24 %
198918 075 3362.30 %
199018 513 5612.42 %
199118 989 5052.57 %
199219 501 4462.70 %
199320 039 1292.76 %
199420 586 0542.73 %
199521 125 1632.62 %
199621 646 7202.47 %
199722 148 8912.32 %
199822 630 8722.18 %
199923 090 7752.03 %
200023 527 5991.89 %
200123 940 5431.76 %
200224 328 9551.62 %
200324 692 9351.50 %
200425 033 5151.38 %
200525 352 4891.27 %
200625 650 5961.18 %
200725 928 9821.09 %
200826 194 4011.02 %
200926 458 9251.01 %
201026 734 2881.04 %
201127 027 5741.10 %
201227 339 8761.16 %
201327 667 7481.20 %
201428 004 8531.22 %
201528 344 2121.21 %
201628 679 5241.18 %
201729 018 8031.18 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.