Nicaragua Population clock

28-03-2017 07:20:13
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Nicaragua population 2017

During 2017 Nicaragua population is projected to increased by 72 110 people and reach 6 261 822 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 100 397. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 28 287 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Nicaragua to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Nicaragua population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Nicaragua will be increased by 198 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Nicaragua 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Nicaragua was estimated to be 6 189 712 people. This is an increase of 1.17 % (71 280 people) compared to population of 6 118 432 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 99 241. Due to external migration, the population declined by 27 961. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.978 (978 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Nicaragua population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Nicaragua population density

Nicaragua population density is 47.5 people per square kilometer as of March 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Nicaragua divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Nicaragua. The total area of Nicaragua is 130 370 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Nicaragua age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Nicaragua had the following population age distribution:

31.7 63.8 4.5

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Nicaragua population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Nicaragua age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Nicaragua is 56.6 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Nicaragua must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Nicaragua is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Nicaragua is 49.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Nicaragua is 7 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Nicaragua age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Nicaragua is 71.9 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 69.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 74.1 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 3 503 676 persons or 82.82% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Nicaragua are able to read and write. Accordingly about 726 620 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 82.37% (1 673 266 persons). 358 259 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 83.25% (1 830 411 persons). 368 360 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 89.65% and 93.61% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 91.62%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Nicaragua population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Nicaragua historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Nicaragua population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19511 313 367N/A %
19521 351 6332.91 %
19531 392 9013.05 %
19541 437 0633.17 %
19551 483 9353.26 %
19561 533 2473.32 %
19571 584 6463.35 %
19581 637 7133.35 %
19591 691 9863.31 %
19601 747 0303.25 %
19611 802 5483.18 %
19621 858 4803.10 %
19631 915 0763.05 %
19641 972 8553.02 %
19652 032 3763.02 %
19662 093 9333.03 %
19672 157 5573.04 %
19682 223 3303.05 %
19692 291 4583.06 %
19702 362 1163.08 %
19712 435 3763.10 %
19722 511 2183.11 %
19732 589 6413.12 %
19742 670 6753.13 %
19752 754 2983.13 %
19762 840 4523.13 %
19772 928 9813.12 %
19783 019 4623.09 %
19793 111 2373.04 %
19803 203 6332.97 %
19813 296 2882.89 %
19823 389 0972.82 %
19833 481 7312.73 %
19843 573 5942.64 %
19853 664 1722.53 %
19863 753 0032.42 %
19873 839 9272.32 %
19883 925 6972.23 %
19894 011 8582.19 %
19904 099 9132.19 %
19914 190 6852.21 %
19924 284 0392.23 %
19934 378 9252.21 %
19944 473 6522.16 %
19954 566 4782.07 %
19964 656 5031.97 %
19974 743 7091.87 %
19984 828 1341.78 %
19994 909 6441.69 %
20004 988 2271.60 %
20015 063 7711.51 %
20025 136 2431.43 %
20035 206 3061.36 %
20045 275 2901.33 %
20055 344 5151.31 %
20065 414 7721.31 %
20075 486 1681.32 %
20085 558 3221.32 %
20095 630 5601.30 %
20105 702 1591.27 %
20115 772 7551.24 %
20125 842 4111.21 %
20135 911 3401.18 %
20145 979 7801.16 %
20156 047 9731.14 %
20166 118 4321.17 %
20176 189 7121.17 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.