Peru Population clock (live)

23-07-2017 07:40:00
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Peru population 2017

During 2017 Peru population is projected to increased by 422 116 people and reach 32 424 843 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 472 680. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 50 564 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Peru to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Peru population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Peru will be increased by 1 156 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Peru 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Peru was estimated to be 32 002 727 people. This is an increase of 1.32 % (416 621 people) compared to population of 31 586 106 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 466 527. Due to external migration, the population declined by 49 906. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.004 (1 004 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Peru population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Peru population density

Peru population density is 24.9 people per square kilometer as of July 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Peru divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Peru. The total area of Peru is 1 285 220 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Peru age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Peru had the following population age distribution:

28.5 65.1 6.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Peru population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Peru age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Peru is 53.6 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Peru must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Peru is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Peru is 43.8 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Peru is 9.8 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Peru age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Peru is 72.5 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 70.6 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 74.5 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 21 595 686 persons or 94.42% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Peru are able to read and write. Accordingly about 1 275 063 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 97.28% (10 858 508 persons). 303 724 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 91.7% (10 737 178 persons). 971 339 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 98.89% and 98.99% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 98.94%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Peru population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Peru historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Peru population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19517 825 971N/A %
19528 026 3662.56 %
19538 234 4522.59 %
19548 450 0502.62 %
19558 673 2372.64 %
19568 904 3572.66 %
19579 144 0192.69 %
19589 393 0632.72 %
19599 652 4792.76 %
19609 923 2142.80 %
196110 205 8792.85 %
196210 500 4562.89 %
196310 806 1062.91 %
196411 121 2772.92 %
196511 444 3502.90 %
196611 774 5062.88 %
196712 111 7042.86 %
196812 455 7072.84 %
196912 805 8892.81 %
197013 161 7582.78 %
197113 522 7022.74 %
197213 888 4052.70 %
197314 260 0632.68 %
197414 640 2442.67 %
197515 031 3952.67 %
197615 434 9252.68 %
197715 850 6132.69 %
197816 276 2072.69 %
197916 707 9232.65 %
198017 141 9382.60 %
198117 575 8352.53 %
198218 009 1392.47 %
198318 443 0852.41 %
198418 880 0092.37 %
198519 322 2632.34 %
198619 770 6002.32 %
198720 223 9812.29 %
198820 680 8052.26 %
198921 139 3772.22 %
199021 597 7572.17 %
199122 054 8942.12 %
199222 510 0932.06 %
199322 960 6392.00 %
199423 401 7901.92 %
199523 829 0601.83 %
199624 239 9191.72 %
199724 634 2431.63 %
199825 013 5771.54 %
199925 380 5211.47 %
200025 738 0861.41 %
200126 088 1191.36 %
200226 431 4131.32 %
200326 769 6001.28 %
200427 105 4631.25 %
200527 441 7971.24 %
200627 780 1821.23 %
200728 121 3631.23 %
200828 467 4081.23 %
200928 821 8061.24 %
201029 187 6041.27 %
201129 566 7681.30 %
201229 959 3301.33 %
201330 362 1151.34 %
201430 769 3051.34 %
201531 174 9091.32 %
201631 586 1061.32 %
201732 002 7271.32 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.