Poland Population clock

28-03-2017 07:15:53
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Poland population 2017

During 2017 Poland population is projected to increased by 7 340 people and reach 38 637 899 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 22 019. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 14 680 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Poland to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Poland population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Poland will be increased by 20 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Poland 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Poland was estimated to be 38 630 559 people. This is an increase of 0.02 % (7 338 people) compared to population of 38 623 221 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 22 015. Due to external migration, the population declined by 14 677. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.932 (932 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Poland population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Poland population density

Poland population density is 123.5 people per square kilometer as of March 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Poland divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Poland. The total area of Poland is 312 680 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Poland age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Poland had the following population age distribution:

14.7 71.6 13.7

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Poland population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "Poland age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Poland is 39.6 %.

The value of 39.6 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Poland must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Poland is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Poland is 20.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Poland is 19.1 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Poland age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Poland is 76.1 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 72.1 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 80.3 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 32 875 218 persons or 99.79% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Poland are able to read and write. Accordingly about 68 536 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 99.92% (15 767 099 persons). 13 098 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 99.68% (17 108 119 persons). 55 438 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 100% and 100% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 100%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Poland population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Poland historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Poland population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
195125 044 021N/A %
195225 501 1411.83 %
195325 987 4661.91 %
195426 493 3531.95 %
195527 009 8861.95 %
195627 528 8711.92 %
195728 042 8331.87 %
195828 545 0481.79 %
195929 029 6081.70 %
196029 491 5761.59 %
196129 927 2311.48 %
196230 334 3061.36 %
196330 712 1441.25 %
196431 061 6121.14 %
196531 384 5721.04 %
196631 681 9200.95 %
196731 954 5780.86 %
196832 207 7970.79 %
196932 451 1280.76 %
197032 694 2120.75 %
197132 942 8740.76 %
197233 198 8550.78 %
197333 463 2620.80 %
197433 737 6040.82 %
197534 022 7550.85 %
197634 318 4950.87 %
197734 624 0950.89 %
197834 940 1280.91 %
197935 268 2850.94 %
198035 609 2410.97 %
198135 964 0331.00 %
198236 331 1421.02 %
198336 698 4071.01 %
198437 044 1360.94 %
198537 347 3170.82 %
198637 595 0240.66 %
198737 785 7120.51 %
198837 929 0820.38 %
198938 042 7480.30 %
199038 145 0350.27 %
199138 246 4040.27 %
199238 347 1880.26 %
199338 441 3590.25 %
199438 519 6240.20 %
199538 572 6080.14 %
199638 595 8430.06 %
199738 591 467-0.01 %
199838 566 943-0.06 %
199938 533 068-0.09 %
200038 500 832-0.08 %
200138 476 424-0.06 %
200238 460 683-0.04 %
200338 453 025-0.02 %
200438 452 874-0.00 %
200538 459 0170.02 %
200638 471 1390.03 %
200738 489 5600.05 %
200838 513 0540.06 %
200938 538 6210.07 %
201038 563 0860.06 %
201138 584 4500.06 %
201238 601 8520.05 %
201338 614 0920.03 %
201438 619 3360.01 %
201538 615 884-0.01 %
201638 623 2210.02 %
201738 630 5590.02 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.