Portugal Population clock (live)

22-07-2018 17:01:02
Current population
Current male population (48.5%)
Current female population (51.5%)
Births this year
Births today
Deaths this year
Deaths today
Net migration this year
Net migration today
Population growth this year
Population growth today

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Quick facts about the population of Portugal

Current population (as of Sunday, July 22 2018)
Total area
92,120 km2 (35,568 mi2)
Population density
110.8 per km2 (287.1 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.94 (4,947,766 men to 5,263,636 women)
Median age
43.9 years
Life expectancy
78.5 years (75.3 - men, 82.0 - women)
95.7 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Portugal population 2018

During 2018 Portugal population is projected to decreased by -45,964 people and reach 10,190,970 in the beginning of 2019. The number of deaths will exceed the number of live births by 18,529, so the natural increase is expected to be negative. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 27,435 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Portugal to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2018

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Portugal population in 2018 will be the following:

The population of Portugal will be declined by 126 persons daily in 2018.

Demographics of Portugal 2017

As of 1 January 2018, the population of Portugal was estimated to be 10,236,934 people. This is a decrease of -0.45 % (-46,171 people) compared to population of 10,283,105 the year before. In 2017 the natural increase was negative, as the number of deaths exceeded the number of live births by 18,612. Due to external migration, the population declined by 27,559. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.940 (940 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2017.

Below are the key figures for Portugal population in 2017:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2018

Portugal population density

Portugal population density is 111.1 people per square kilometer (287.8/mi2) as of July 2018. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Portugal divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Portugal. The total area of Portugal is 92,120 km2 (35,568 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Religion in Portugal

ReligionNumber of followersPercentage of total population
Religiously Unaffiliated449,3064.4

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Major Religious Groups as of 2010 external link.

Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters external link (Sunday, July 22 2018).

Portugal age structure

As of the beginning of 2018 according to our estimates Portugal had the following population age distribution:

16.2 65.8 18

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Portugal population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "Portugal age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Portugal is 52 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Portugal must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Portugal is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Portugal is 24.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Portugal is 27.3 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Portugal age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Portugal is 78.5 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 75.3 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 82 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 8,206,318 persons or 95.68% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Portugal are able to read and write. Accordingly about 370,492 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 97.08% (4,000,490 persons). 120,285 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 94.39% (4,205,829 persons). 250,206 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.55% and 99.63% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.59%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Portugal population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Portugal historical population (1951 - 2018)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Portugal population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19518,424,088N/A %
19528,452,4180.34 %
19538,502,9110.60 %
19548,564,7090.73 %
19558,629,3220.75 %
19568,690,6660.71 %
19578,745,0680.63 %
19588,791,0900.53 %
19598,829,1920.43 %
19608,860,8680.36 %
19618,887,3210.30 %
19628,908,1760.23 %
19638,920,6210.14 %
19648,919,880-0.01 %
19658,902,087-0.20 %
19668,864,233-0.43 %
19678,807,111-0.64 %
19688,742,098-0.74 %
19698,689,723-0.60 %
19708,669,997-0.23 %
19718,694,1120.28 %
19728,761,9440.78 %
19738,864,9721.18 %
19748,989,4261.40 %
19759,120,4001.46 %
19769,250,0891.42 %
19779,377,7341.38 %
19789,500,9601.31 %
19799,613,8871.19 %
19809,711,3281.01 %
19819,789,9370.81 %
19829,848,6920.60 %
19839,888,7940.41 %
19849,913,1700.25 %
19859,925,4550.12 %
19869,927,2120.02 %
19879,918,809-0.08 %
19889,904,312-0.15 %
19899,891,707-0.13 %
19909,888,658-0.03 %
19919,899,9470.11 %
19929,926,3860.27 %
19939,965,0130.39 %
199410,010,2140.45 %
199510,056,0160.46 %
199610,099,2080.43 %
199710,139,8240.40 %
199810,178,9860.39 %
199910,217,9520.38 %
200010,258,0680.39 %
200110,299,5030.40 %
200210,341,2460.41 %
200310,382,4320.40 %
200410,422,6410.39 %
200510,461,2660.37 %
200610,498,3220.35 %
200710,533,6270.34 %
200810,564,0770.29 %
200910,583,8590.19 %
201010,587,5490.03 %
201110,571,873-0.15 %
201210,536,963-0.33 %
201310,487,366-0.47 %
201410,431,030-0.54 %
201510,376,073-0.53 %
201610,329,484-0.45 %
201710,283,105-0.45 %
201810,236,934-0.45 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.