Russian Federation Population clock

23-05-2017 04:08:16
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Russian Federation population 2017

During 2017 Russian Federation population is projected to increased by 60 020 people and reach 146 450 019 in the beginning of 2018. The number of deaths will exceed the number of live births by 168 348, so the natural increase is expected to be negative. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 228 368 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Russian Federation (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Russian Federation population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Russian Federation will be increased by 164 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Russian Federation 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Russian Federation was estimated to be 146 389 999 people. This is an increase of 0.04 % (59 995 people) compared to population of 146 330 004 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was negative, as the number of deaths exceeded the number of live births by 168 280. Due to external migration, the population increased by 228 275.The reason of additional increase of more than 2 millions people in 2014 is that Crimea has become de-facto a part of Russia. A census was held in Crimea during October 2014. Official results are not yet available but we can estimate the population of 2 294 110 in Crimea as of 1 of January 2015. This estimation based on preliminary census data, published by Statistical Department of Russia external link. The census was held in Crimea in October 2014

The sex ratio of the total population was 0.863 (863 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Russian Federation population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Russian Federation population density

Russian Federation population density is 8.5 people per square kilometer as of May 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Russian Federation divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Russian Federation. The total area of Russian Federation is 17 125 426 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Russian Federation age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Russian Federation had the following population age distribution:

15.2 71.8 13

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Russian Federation population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "Russian Federation age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Russian Federation is 39.3 %.

The value of 39.3 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Russian Federation must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Russian Federation is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Russian Federation is 21.2 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Russian Federation is 18.1 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Russian Federation age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Russian Federation is 66.3 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 59.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 73.2 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 123 806 782 persons or 99.72% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Russian Federation are able to read and write. Accordingly about 346 576 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 99.73% (55 704 638 persons). 151 930 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 99.72% (68 102 144 persons). 194 646 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.66% and 99.75% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.7%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Russian Federation population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Russian Federation historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Russian Federation population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
1951103 552 506N/A %
1952105 137 8981.53 %
1953106 849 4921.63 %
1954108 633 7051.67 %
1955110 446 5461.67 %
1956112 253 7861.64 %
1957114 030 9551.58 %
1958115 762 6721.52 %
1959117 441 2941.45 %
1960119 063 5481.38 %
1961120 625 3081.31 %
1962122 116 5401.24 %
1963123 517 9341.15 %
1964124 802 7561.04 %
1965125 948 1360.92 %
1966126 940 0990.79 %
1967127 781 0740.66 %
1968128 501 8080.56 %
1969129 156 5310.51 %
1970129 800 8260.50 %
1971130 467 4380.51 %
1972131 163 0380.53 %
1973131 885 9730.55 %
1974132 633 4600.57 %
1975133 400 3360.58 %
1976134 186 0290.59 %
1977134 995 3660.60 %
1978135 833 1520.62 %
1979136 702 1630.64 %
1980137 603 9350.66 %
1981138 534 9010.68 %
1982139 487 9910.69 %
1983140 460 3220.70 %
1984141 453 3000.71 %
1985142 465 4770.72 %
1986143 495 9240.72 %
1987144 536 1580.72 %
1988145 548 1690.70 %
1989146 467 5850.63 %
1990147 231 8030.52 %
1991147 804 4530.39 %
1992148 181 4140.26 %
1993148 379 1420.13 %
1994148 426 0520.03 %
1995148 354 779-0.05 %
1996148 185 810-0.11 %
1997147 925 580-0.18 %
1998147 579 123-0.23 %
1999147 154 807-0.29 %
2000146 662 563-0.33 %
2001146 109 536-0.38 %
2002145 506 821-0.41 %
2003144 889 334-0.42 %
2004144 313 531-0.40 %
2005143 833 240-0.33 %
2006143 480 487-0.25 %
2007143 259 328-0.15 %
2008143 151 706-0.08 %
2009143 124 912-0.02 %
2010143 142 3800.01 %
2011143 184 7880.03 %
2012143 249 5060.05 %
2013143 347 1000.07 %
2014143 666 9000.22 %
2015146 270 0331.81 %
2016146 330 0040.04 %
2017146 389 9990.04 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.