Rwanda Population clock

20-02-2017 23:03:17
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Rwanda population 2017

During 2017 Rwanda population is projected to increased by 289 171 people and reach 12 322 920 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 305 657. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 16 486 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Rwanda to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population dynamics in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Rwanda population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Rwanda will be increased by 792 persons daily in 2017.

Population of Rwanda 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Rwanda was estimated to be 12 033 749 people. This is an increase of 2.40 % (282 385 people) compared to population of 11 751 364 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 298 485. Due to external migration, the population declined by 16 099. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.965 (965 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for Rwanda population in 2016:

Rwanda population density

Rwanda population density is 456.9 people per square kilometer as of February 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Rwanda divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Rwanda. The total area of Rwanda is 26 340 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Rwanda age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Rwanda had the following population age distribution:

42.9 54.7 2.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Rwanda population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Rwanda age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Rwanda is 82.8 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Rwanda must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 82.8 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Rwanda is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Rwanda is 78.3 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Rwanda is 4.4 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Rwanda age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Rwanda is 58 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 56.6 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 59.5 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 4 853 352 persons or 70.58% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Rwanda are able to read and write. Accordingly about 2 022 611 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 73.21% (2 485 715 persons). 909 607 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 68.02% (2 367 636 persons). 1 113 005 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 78.47% and 82.19% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 80.37%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Rwanda population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Rwanda historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Rwanda population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19512 218 431N/A %
19522 281 9912.87 %
19532 345 8742.80 %
19542 413 6282.89 %
19552 487 1693.05 %
19562 566 7353.20 %
19572 650 8823.28 %
19582 736 6853.24 %
19592 820 1223.05 %
19602 897 0592.73 %
19612 964 7582.34 %
19623 023 3441.98 %
19633 076 7821.77 %
19643 132 3441.81 %
19653 197 3282.07 %
19663 276 0072.46 %
19673 368 6952.83 %
19683 472 7873.09 %
19693 583 9263.20 %
19703 697 5693.17 %
19713 811 4463.08 %
19723 926 0263.01 %
19734 043 0222.98 %
19744 164 5863.01 %
19754 293 0013.08 %
19764 429 4433.18 %
19774 573 8953.26 %
19784 726 2233.33 %
19794 886 5023.39 %
19805 054 7073.44 %
19815 227 3473.42 %
19825 400 1703.31 %
19835 577 8413.29 %
19845 773 4043.51 %
19855 997 7613.89 %
19866 264 2804.44 %
19876 576 4924.98 %
19886 895 2334.85 %
19897 143 5863.60 %
19907 249 4191.48 %
19917 165 567-1.16 %
19926 892 159-3.82 %
19936 506 641-5.59 %
19946 148 173-5.51 %
19955 954 371-3.15 %
19966 005 2220.85 %
19976 301 9034.94 %
19986 776 6577.53 %
19997 316 1707.96 %
20007 803 5096.66 %
20018 175 4944.77 %
20028 434 0713.16 %
20038 612 7492.12 %
20048 757 7131.68 %
20058 918 5931.84 %
20069 119 6362.25 %
20079 356 0622.59 %
20089 615 6992.78 %
20099 887 4542.83 %
201010 159 1322.75 %
201110 425 0492.62 %
201210 686 8902.51 %
201310 947 7232.44 %
201411 209 8202.39 %
201511 475 6052.37 %
201611 751 3642.40 %
201712 033 7492.40 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.