Saudi Arabia Population clock

20-02-2017 04:41:50
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Saudi Arabia population 2017

During 2017 Saudi Arabia population is projected to increased by 756 093 people and reach 33 430 824 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 569 847. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 186 246 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Saudi Arabia (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population dynamics in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Saudi Arabia population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Saudi Arabia will be increased by 2 071 persons daily in 2017.

Population of Saudi Arabia 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Saudi Arabia was estimated to be 32 674 731 people. This is an increase of 2.31 % (738 993 people) compared to population of 31 935 738 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 556 959. Due to external migration, the population increased by 182 034. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.233 (1 233 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for Saudi Arabia population in 2016:

Saudi Arabia population density

Saudi Arabia population density is 15.2 people per square kilometer as of February 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Saudi Arabia divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Saudi Arabia. The total area of Saudi Arabia is 2 149 690 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Saudi Arabia age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Saudi Arabia had the following population age distribution:

29.4 67.6 3

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Saudi Arabia population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Saudi Arabia age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Saudi Arabia is 47.9 %.

The value of 47.9 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Saudi Arabia must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Saudi Arabia is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Saudi Arabia is 43.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Saudi Arabia is 4.4 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Saudi Arabia age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Saudi Arabia is 74.1 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 72.2 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 76.2 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 21 765 164 persons or 94.41% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Saudi Arabia are able to read and write. Accordingly about 1 289 799 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 97% (12 595 203 persons). 389 408 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 91.06% (9 169 962 persons). 900 390 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.38% and 99.29% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.34%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Saudi Arabia population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Saudi Arabia historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Saudi Arabia population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19513 159 944N/A %
19523 240 9252.56 %
19533 327 9582.69 %
19543 418 5862.72 %
19553 511 3592.71 %
19563 605 8642.69 %
19573 702 7202.69 %
19583 803 4832.72 %
19593 910 4502.81 %
19604 026 1752.96 %
19614 152 7093.14 %
19624 290 8713.33 %
19634 439 7633.47 %
19644 597 0363.54 %
19654 760 5223.56 %
19664 929 6543.55 %
19675 106 0113.58 %
19685 293 0993.66 %
19695 495 7493.83 %
19705 719 0224.06 %
19715 966 2504.32 %
19726 239 1064.57 %
19736 539 7964.82 %
19746 871 4825.07 %
19757 237 0915.32 %
19767 637 0035.53 %
19778 070 3425.67 %
19788 540 3555.82 %
19799 054 3086.02 %
19809 618 1046.23 %
198110 234 9276.41 %
198210 902 0116.52 %
198311 604 6656.45 %
198412 318 1676.15 %
198513 017 6875.68 %
198613 688 9275.16 %
198714 329 4624.68 %
198814 940 7644.27 %
198915 525 0773.91 %
199016 086 2173.61 %
199116 626 0043.36 %
199217 144 5393.12 %
199317 644 5262.92 %
199418 131 9712.76 %
199518 613 5412.66 %
199619 092 4912.57 %
199719 570 4722.50 %
199820 055 9132.48 %
199920 564 0742.53 %
200021 109 1142.65 %
200121 700 1052.80 %
200222 338 0202.94 %
200323 012 9953.02 %
200423 706 7303.01 %
200524 400 4022.93 %
200625 082 6122.80 %
200725 751 7582.67 %
200826 413 1822.57 %
200927 076 1672.51 %
201027 750 0692.49 %
201128 439 5432.48 %
201229 142 2432.47 %
201329 848 5492.42 %
201430 543 7982.33 %
201531 213 4592.19 %
201631 935 7382.31 %
201732 674 7312.31 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.