Senegal Population clock

20-02-2017 04:42:07
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Senegal population 2017

During 2017 Senegal population is projected to increased by 490 172 people and reach 16 327 727 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 512 662. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 22 489 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Senegal to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population dynamics in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Senegal population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Senegal will be increased by 1 343 persons daily in 2017.

Population of Senegal 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Senegal was estimated to be 15 837 555 people. This is an increase of 3.10 % (475 457 people) compared to population of 15 362 098 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 497 271. Due to external migration, the population declined by 21 814. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.984 (984 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for Senegal population in 2016:

Senegal population density

Senegal population density is 80.5 people per square kilometer as of February 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Senegal divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Senegal. The total area of Senegal is 196 720 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Senegal age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Senegal had the following population age distribution:

43.3 53.9 2.9

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Senegal population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Senegal age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Senegal is 85.6 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Senegal must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 85.6 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Senegal is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Senegal is 80.3 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Senegal is 5.3 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Senegal age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Senegal is 59.8 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 57.9 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 61.8 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 4 978 315 persons or 55.41% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Senegal are able to read and write. Accordingly about 4 006 014 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 68.49% (2 887 992 persons). 1 328 916 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 43.85% (2 090 323 persons). 2 677 098 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 75.91% and 63.57% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 69.77%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Senegal population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Senegal historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Senegal population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19512 503 169N/A %
19522 558 2582.20 %
19532 617 3862.31 %
19542 680 4972.41 %
19552 747 4972.50 %
19562 818 2522.58 %
19572 892 5882.64 %
19582 970 2972.69 %
19593 051 1522.72 %
19603 134 9492.75 %
19613 221 5592.76 %
19623 310 9902.78 %
19633 403 4202.79 %
19643 499 1792.81 %
19653 598 6242.84 %
19663 701 7882.87 %
19673 808 5262.88 %
19683 919 1992.91 %
19694 034 6892.95 %
19704 155 7593.00 %
19714 283 1273.06 %
19724 416 9213.12 %
19734 555 3603.13 %
19744 695 0003.07 %
19754 832 5572.93 %
19764 966 1702.76 %
19775 096 0812.62 %
19785 224 8792.53 %
19795 356 8722.53 %
19805 496 4752.61 %
19815 646 0962.72 %
19825 805 9012.83 %
19835 975 4722.92 %
19846 154 4112.99 %
19856 342 0823.05 %
19866 538 1053.09 %
19876 742 3713.12 %
19886 954 5483.15 %
19897 173 9593.15 %
19907 399 7903.15 %
19917 631 8803.14 %
19927 870 1483.12 %
19938 112 4423.08 %
19948 354 6422.99 %
19958 592 9412.85 %
19968 825 0922.70 %
19979 051 3112.56 %
19989 275 0542.47 %
19999 502 2822.45 %
20009 739 1102.49 %
20019 989 3282.57 %
200210 253 7682.65 %
200310 531 3892.71 %
200410 820 1682.74 %
200511 118 0052.75 %
200611 423 7122.75 %
200711 737 8302.75 %
200812 063 4672.77 %
200912 405 6642.84 %
201012 769 2082.93 %
201113 156 8973.04 %
201213 568 5563.13 %
201314 000 5753.18 %
201414 446 7993.19 %
201514 900 9153.14 %
201615 362 0983.09 %
201715 837 5553.10 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.