Serbia Population clock

28-03-2017 07:19:33
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Serbia population 2017

During 2017 Serbia population is projected to decreased by -40 784 people and reach 8 748 970 in the beginning of 2018. The number of deaths will exceed the number of live births by 21 183, so the natural increase is expected to be negative. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 19 601 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Serbia to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Serbia population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Serbia will be declined by 112 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Serbia 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Serbia was estimated to be 8 789 754 people. This is a decrease of -0.46 % (-40 975 people) compared to population of 8 830 729 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was negative, as the number of deaths exceeded the number of live births by 21 282. Due to external migration, the population declined by 19 693. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.980 (980 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Serbia population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Serbia population density

Serbia population density is 99.5 people per square kilometer as of March 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Serbia divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Serbia. The total area of Serbia is 88 360 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Serbia age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Serbia had the following population age distribution:

15.1 68.5 16.5

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Serbia population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "Serbia age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Serbia is 46.1 %.

The value of 46.1 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Serbia must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Serbia is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Serbia is 22 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Serbia is 24.1 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Serbia age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Serbia is 74.3 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 71.5 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 77.3 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 7 325 346 persons or 98.11% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Serbia are able to read and write. Accordingly about 141 462 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 99.09% (3 570 460 persons). 32 899 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 97.19% (3 754 886 persons). 108 563 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 98.59% and 98.4% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 98.5%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Serbia population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Serbia historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Serbia population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19516 792 773N/A %
19526 908 3431.70 %
19537 013 2831.52 %
19547 108 2681.35 %
19557 194 1411.21 %
19567 271 9241.08 %
19577 342 8120.97 %
19587 408 1510.89 %
19597 469 3880.83 %
19607 527 9480.78 %
19617 585 0430.76 %
19627 641 4830.74 %
19637 697 5560.73 %
19647 753 0920.72 %
19657 807 8840.71 %
19667 861 9430.69 %
19677 915 7200.68 %
19687 970 3190.69 %
19698 027 3320.72 %
19708 088 2620.76 %
19718 153 9280.81 %
19728 224 3100.86 %
19738 298 8510.91 %
19748 376 6630.94 %
19758 456 7090.96 %
19768 538 4000.97 %
19778 621 4790.97 %
19788 705 1550.97 %
19798 788 0100.95 %
19808 868 6660.92 %
19818 946 4460.88 %
19829 021 2870.84 %
19839 092 8270.79 %
19849 160 2980.74 %
19859 223 1590.69 %
19869 279 8420.61 %
19879 329 1110.53 %
19889 374 4570.49 %
19899 423 7290.53 %
19909 484 0760.64 %
19919 560 6460.81 %
19929 653 2900.97 %
19939 750 3981.01 %
19949 830 8100.82 %
19959 873 9640.44 %
19969 868 052-0.06 %
19979 813 483-0.55 %
19989 722 328-0.93 %
19999 614 734-1.11 %
20009 511 563-1.07 %
20019 424 061-0.92 %
20029 352 583-0.76 %
20039 294 401-0.62 %
20049 246 726-0.51 %
20059 205 843-0.44 %
20069 170 723-0.38 %
20079 142 557-0.31 %
20089 119 944-0.25 %
20099 098 277-0.24 %
20109 073 033-0.28 %
20119 041 464-0.35 %
20129 003 230-0.42 %
20138 960 092-0.48 %
20148 915 210-0.50 %
20158 871 895-0.49 %
20168 830 729-0.46 %
20178 789 754-0.46 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.