Slovakia Population clock

24-04-2017 16:16:45
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Slovakia population 2017

During 2017 Slovakia population is projected to increased by 3 857 people and reach 5 436 122 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 3 640. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 217 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Slovakia (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Slovakia population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Slovakia will be increased by 11 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Slovakia 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Slovakia was estimated to be 5 432 265 people. This is an increase of 0.07 % (3 854 people) compared to population of 5 428 411 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 3 637. Due to external migration, the population increased by 217. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.947 (947 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Slovakia population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Slovakia population density

Slovakia population density is 110.8 people per square kilometer as of April 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Slovakia divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Slovakia. The total area of Slovakia is 49 030 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Slovakia age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Slovakia had the following population age distribution:

15.6 71.6 12.8

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Slovakia population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "Slovakia age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Slovakia is 39.7 %.

The value of 39.7 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Slovakia must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Slovakia is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Slovakia is 21.8 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Slovakia is 17.9 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Slovakia age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Slovakia is 75.8 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 71.9 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 79.9 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 4 566 249 persons or 99.62% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Slovakia are able to read and write. Accordingly about 17 441 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 99.59% (2 190 323 persons). 8 929 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 99.64% (2 375 926 persons). 8 512 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.37% and 99.53% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.45%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Slovakia population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Slovakia historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Slovakia population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19513 473 266N/A %
19523 547 9592.15 %
19533 624 3342.15 %
19543 700 6912.11 %
19553 775 6852.03 %
19563 848 3371.92 %
19573 918 0291.81 %
19583 984 4831.70 %
19594 047 7081.59 %
19604 107 8781.49 %
19614 165 1301.39 %
19624 219 3811.30 %
19634 270 2001.20 %
19644 316 8781.09 %
19654 358 8480.97 %
19664 395 7600.85 %
19674 427 8530.73 %
19684 456 7160.65 %
19694 485 0930.64 %
19704 515 7140.68 %
19714 550 0740.76 %
19724 588 2700.84 %
19734 629 8800.91 %
19744 674 3230.96 %
19754 720 8180.99 %
19764 769 0581.02 %
19774 819 0131.05 %
19784 869 7611.05 %
19794 919 4311.02 %
19804 966 1930.95 %
19815 008 9310.86 %
19825 047 4330.77 %
19835 082 1330.69 %
19845 113 8580.62 %
19855 143 5340.58 %
19865 171 5580.54 %
19875 197 8040.51 %
19885 222 2850.47 %
19895 245 2970.44 %
19905 267 0920.42 %
19915 287 8950.39 %
19925 307 7800.38 %
19935 326 3860.35 %
19945 342 9680.31 %
19955 356 7970.26 %
19965 367 5330.20 %
19975 375 3030.14 %
19985 380 5060.10 %
19995 383 6890.06 %
20005 385 4610.03 %
20015 386 1450.01 %
20025 385 852-0.01 %
20035 385 007-0.02 %
20045 384 385-0.01 %
20055 384 7150.01 %
20065 386 4630.03 %
20075 389 7310.06 %
20085 394 2190.08 %
20095 399 3310.09 %
20105 404 4240.09 %
20115 409 1370.09 %
20125 413 4370.08 %
20135 417 3920.07 %
20145 421 0750.07 %
20155 424 5600.06 %
20165 428 4110.07 %
20175 432 2650.07 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.