Somalia Population clock (live)

23-07-2017 07:43:32
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Deaths this year
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Somalia population 2017

During 2017 Somalia population is projected to increased by 264 102 people and reach 11 426 470 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 351 838. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 87 736 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Somalia to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Somalia population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Somalia will be increased by 724 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Somalia 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Somalia was estimated to be 11 162 368 people. This is an increase of 2.37 % (257 997 people) compared to population of 10 904 371 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 343 706. Due to external migration, the population declined by 85 708. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.984 (984 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Somalia population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Somalia population density

Somalia population density is 17.5 people per square kilometer as of July 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Somalia divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Somalia. The total area of Somalia is 637 660 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Somalia age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Somalia had the following population age distribution:

44.7 52.9 2.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Somalia population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Somalia age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Somalia is 89 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Somalia must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 89 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Somalia is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Somalia is 84.4 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Somalia is 4.5 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Somalia age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Somalia is 50.4 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 48.5 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 52.4 years.

Somalia historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Somalia population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19512 285 829N/A %
19522 329 6941.92 %
19532 374 4391.92 %
19542 420 3221.93 %
19552 467 5531.95 %
19562 516 2991.98 %
19572 566 6732.00 %
19582 618 7492.03 %
19592 672 5662.06 %
19602 728 1462.08 %
19612 785 5322.10 %
19622 844 8142.13 %
19632 906 1522.16 %
19642 969 7672.19 %
19653 035 8662.23 %
19663 106 9012.34 %
19673 185 7452.54 %
19683 269 1782.62 %
19693 348 2632.42 %
19703 415 4172.01 %
19713 461 4941.35 %
19723 483 9320.65 %
19733 508 4110.70 %
19743 585 5502.20 %
19753 762 7644.94 %
19764 070 2968.17 %
19774 506 89310.73 %
19785 021 59911.42 %
19795 524 00510.00 %
19805 924 3347.25 %
19816 170 7194.16 %
19826 261 6341.47 %
19836 235 605-0.42 %
19846 156 462-1.27 %
19856 090 839-1.07 %
19866 075 574-0.25 %
19876 110 8150.58 %
19886 178 1191.10 %
19896 251 3941.19 %
19906 303 5360.83 %
19916 320 5730.27 %
19926 306 774-0.22 %
19936 281 631-0.40 %
19946 274 078-0.12 %
19956 312 6760.62 %
19966 413 6641.60 %
19976 576 8352.54 %
19986 788 5063.22 %
19997 026 3193.50 %
20007 266 9113.42 %
20017 497 7353.18 %
20027 718 6282.95 %
20037 933 1542.78 %
20048 145 0792.67 %
20058 358 9962.63 %
20068 576 9392.61 %
20078 797 9772.58 %
20089 020 8022.53 %
20099 244 7082.48 %
20109 469 2712.43 %
20119 694 1922.38 %
20129 920 1502.33 %
201310 150 8942.33 %
201410 392 8632.38 %
201510 652 3372.50 %
201610 904 3712.37 %
201711 162 3682.37 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.