South Africa Population clock

24-04-2017 16:15:39
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

South Africa population 2017

During 2017 South Africa population is projected to increased by 598 966 people and reach 56 007 479 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 473 743. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 125 223 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into South Africa (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of South Africa population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of South Africa will be increased by 1 641 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of South Africa 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of South Africa was estimated to be 55 408 513 people. This is an increase of 1.08 % (592 560 people) compared to population of 54 815 953 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 468 676. Due to external migration, the population increased by 123 884. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.982 (982 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for South Africa population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

South Africa population density

South Africa population density is 45.4 people per square kilometer as of April 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of South Africa divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of South Africa. The total area of South Africa is 1 221 037 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

South Africa age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates South Africa had the following population age distribution:

28.5 65.8 5.7

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the South Africa population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "South Africa age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in South Africa is 51.9 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in South Africa must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in South Africa is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in South Africa is 43.3 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in South Africa is 8.6 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "South Africa age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for South Africa is 49.3 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 50.2 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 48.4 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 37 371 056 persons or 94.31% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in South Africa are able to read and write. Accordingly about 2 254 897 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 95.51% (18 804 240 persons). 884 621 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 93.13% (18 566 816 persons). 1 370 276 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 98.65% and 99.39% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.02%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "South Africa population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

South Africa historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

South Africa population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
195113 838 525N/A %
195214 158 1492.31 %
195314 493 7742.37 %
195414 842 3832.41 %
195515 202 0922.42 %
195615 572 1852.43 %
195715 953 1112.45 %
195816 346 3672.47 %
195916 754 2542.50 %
196017 179 2752.54 %
196117 623 2062.58 %
196218 086 1902.63 %
196318 566 1372.65 %
196419 059 0532.65 %
196519 561 0572.63 %
196620 069 5892.60 %
196720 584 5082.57 %
196821 109 3582.55 %
196921 650 5482.56 %
197022 214 3342.60 %
197122 804 6542.66 %
197223 421 6482.71 %
197324 060 5142.73 %
197424 712 7392.71 %
197525 369 8982.66 %
197626 026 4982.59 %
197726 681 9482.52 %
197827 342 1012.47 %
197928 017 6332.47 %
198028 718 9822.50 %
198129 453 0092.56 %
198230 220 0402.60 %
198331 010 5602.62 %
198431 807 4332.57 %
198532 593 9832.47 %
198633 358 2802.34 %
198734 098 3122.22 %
198834 829 3382.14 %
198935 580 3652.16 %
199036 379 3112.25 %
199137 242 9292.37 %
199238 169 5782.49 %
199339 133 1642.52 %
199440 089 0172.44 %
199540 992 6532.25 %
199641 818 5132.01 %
199742 565 8611.79 %
199843 252 7681.61 %
199943 908 8801.52 %
200044 565 2931.49 %
200145 238 0091.51 %
200245 925 6921.52 %
200346 621 7371.52 %
200447 319 2001.50 %
200548 010 0511.46 %
200648 690 3781.42 %
200749 360 6931.38 %
200850 021 1961.34 %
200950 670 4231.30 %
201051 306 8141.26 %
201151 929 4331.21 %
201252 537 2731.17 %
201353 126 9421.12 %
201453 692 8321.07 %
201554 229 7301.00 %
201654 815 9531.08 %
201755 408 5131.08 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.