Spain Population clock

28-03-2017 07:22:42
Connecting . . .
Current population
Connecting . . .
Current male population ( . . . %)
Connecting . . .
Current female population ( . . . %)
Connecting . . .
Births this year
Connecting . . .
Births today
Connecting . . .
Deaths this year
Connecting . . .
Deaths today
Connecting . . .
Net migration this year
Connecting . . .
Net migration today
Connecting . . .
Population growth this year
Connecting . . .
Population growth today

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Spain population 2017

During 2017 Spain population is projected to decreased by -95 219 people and reach 45 904 457 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 22 540. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 117 759 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Spain to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Spain population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Spain will be declined by 261 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Spain 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Spain was estimated to be 45 999 676 people. This is a decrease of -0.21 % (-95 417 people) compared to population of 46 095 093 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 22 587. Due to external migration, the population declined by 118 003. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.976 (976 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Spain population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Spain population density

Spain population density is 91.0 people per square kilometer as of March 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Spain divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Spain. The total area of Spain is 505 370 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Spain age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Spain had the following population age distribution:

15.1 67.7 17.1

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Spain population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "Spain age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Spain is 47.6 %.

The value of 47.6 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Spain must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Spain is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Spain is 22.4 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Spain is 25.3 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Spain age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Spain is 81.2 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 78.2 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 84.4 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 38 289 265 persons or 98.1% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Spain are able to read and write. Accordingly about 742 841 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 98.75% (18 872 736 persons). 239 670 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 97.47% (19 416 528 persons). 503 172 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.72% and 99.77% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.74%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Spain population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Spain historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Spain population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
195128 153 530N/A %
195228 333 8830.64 %
195328 536 1160.71 %
195428 753 9700.76 %
195528 983 2730.80 %
195629 221 9990.82 %
195729 470 2680.85 %
195829 730 1190.88 %
195930 005 0530.92 %
196030 298 8980.98 %
196130 614 0461.04 %
196230 949 7441.10 %
196331 300 9601.13 %
196431 659 0071.14 %
196532 015 3541.13 %
196632 364 4301.09 %
196732 705 3001.05 %
196833 042 5651.03 %
196933 384 8981.04 %
197033 740 9341.07 %
197134 114 4161.11 %
197234 503 3081.14 %
197334 902 8291.16 %
197435 307 0121.16 %
197535 709 2171.14 %
197636 105 7171.11 %
197736 494 8721.08 %
197836 871 4961.03 %
197937 226 4360.96 %
198037 551 0500.87 %
198137 840 5280.77 %
198238 094 3730.67 %
198338 314 0260.58 %
198438 501 8670.49 %
198538 661 2840.41 %
198638 794 3450.34 %
198738 902 6630.28 %
198838 991 7950.23 %
198939 071 3660.20 %
199039 151 0810.20 %
199139 239 5490.23 %
199239 342 2230.26 %
199339 457 9150.29 %
199439 580 0840.31 %
199539 703 0040.31 %
199639 821 5740.30 %
199739 937 5510.29 %
199840 073 9720.34 %
199940 272 1540.49 %
200040 571 1930.74 %
200140 990 1591.03 %
200241 523 0021.30 %
200342 145 3761.50 %
200442 821 2711.60 %
200543 511 0191.61 %
200644 196 3441.58 %
200744 873 7321.53 %
200845 513 2771.43 %
200946 056 1041.19 %
201046 448 3420.85 %
201146 654 9290.44 %
201246 672 7240.04 %
201346 546 123-0.27 %
201446 357 440-0.41 %
201546 190 708-0.36 %
201646 095 093-0.21 %
201745 999 676-0.21 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.