Sudan Population clock

30-04-2017 17:53:00
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Sudan population 2017

During 2017 Sudan population is projected to increased by 896 619 people and reach 42 425 989 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 1 070 627. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 174 008 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Sudan to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Sudan population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Sudan will be increased by 2 456 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Sudan 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Sudan was estimated to be 41 529 370 people. This is an increase of 2.16 % (877 670 people) compared to population of 40 651 700 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 1 048 001. Due to external migration, the population declined by 170 331. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.015 (1 015 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Sudan population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Sudan population density

Sudan population density is 22.0 people per square kilometer as of April 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Sudan divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Sudan. The total area of Sudan is 1 886 068 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Sudan age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Sudan had the following population age distribution:

42.1 55.2 2.7

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Sudan population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Sudan age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Sudan is 81.3 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Sudan must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 81.3 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Sudan is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Sudan is 76.4 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Sudan is 4.9 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Sudan age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Sudan is 55.4 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 54.2 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 56.7 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 18 227 082 persons or 75.86% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Sudan are able to read and write. Accordingly about 5 801 396 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 83.26% (9 898 448 persons). 1 990 580 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 68.61% (8 328 634 persons). 3 810 816 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 91.29% and 87.81% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 89.57%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Sudan population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Sudan historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Sudan population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19515 808 807N/A %
19525 961 3782.63 %
19536 119 7892.66 %
19546 284 3522.69 %
19556 455 3972.72 %
19566 633 2762.76 %
19576 818 3552.79 %
19587 011 0242.83 %
19597 211 6862.86 %
19607 420 7582.90 %
19617 638 6672.94 %
19627 865 8412.97 %
19638 102 7053.01 %
19648 349 6893.05 %
19658 607 2343.08 %
19668 875 9083.12 %
19679 156 3293.16 %
19689 448 8713.19 %
19699 753 6743.23 %
197010 070 9553.25 %
197110 400 7733.27 %
197210 743 4633.29 %
197311 100 8563.33 %
197411 476 1243.38 %
197511 872 2583.45 %
197612 290 9383.53 %
197712 732 0733.59 %
197813 193 8993.63 %
197913 673 4783.63 %
198014 167 6663.61 %
198114 676 7673.59 %
198215 202 9433.59 %
198315 742 7683.55 %
198416 287 1633.46 %
198516 828 4123.32 %
198617 358 2363.15 %
198717 874 6772.98 %
198818 399 8242.94 %
198918 976 8903.14 %
199019 646 7193.53 %
199120 434 9614.01 %
199221 340 8534.43 %
199322 324 9084.61 %
199423 317 3824.45 %
199524 248 7533.99 %
199625 079 1793.42 %
199725 807 7562.91 %
199826 463 0922.54 %
199927 091 9342.38 %
200027 743 2362.40 %
200128 442 4032.52 %
200229 187 5602.62 %
200329 967 7822.67 %
200430 770 8982.68 %
200531 583 1062.64 %
200632 399 5302.59 %
200733 223 5082.54 %
200834 054 0492.50 %
200934 883 7182.44 %
201035 706 0922.36 %
201136 516 5392.27 %
201237 315 3072.19 %
201338 113 7582.14 %
201438 932 6852.15 %
201539 792 5782.21 %
201640 651 7002.16 %
201741 529 3702.16 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.