Syria Population clock

29-09-2016 04:32:06
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .


See also:

World population clock

China Population

India Population


Population of Syria 2015

As of 1 January 2016, the population of Syria was estimated to be 18 215 868 people. This is a decrease of -2.26 % (-421 579 people) compared to population of 18 637 447 the year before. In 2015 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 344 420. Due to external migration, the population declined by 765 999. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.024 (1 024 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2015. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for Syria population in 2015:

Syria population 2016

During 2016 Syria population is projected to decreased by -412 043 people and reach 17 803 825 in the beginning of 2017. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 336 629. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 748 672 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Syria to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population dynamics in 2016

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Syria population in 2016 will be the following:

The population of Syria will be declined by 1 129 persons daily in 2016.

Syria population density

Syria population density is 98.4 people per square kilometer as of September 2016. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Syria divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Syria. The total area of Syria is 185 180 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Syria age structure

As of the beginning of 2016 according to our estimates Syria had the following population age distribution:

35.2 61 3.8

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Syria population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Syria age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Syria is 63.9 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Syria must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Syria is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Syria is 57.7 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Syria is 6.2 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Syria age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Syria is 74.7 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 72.3 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 77.2 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 10 196 162 persons or 86.41% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Syria are able to read and write. Accordingly about 1 603 166 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 91.72% (5 472 739 persons). 494 050 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 80.98% (4 723 423 persons). 1 109 116 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 97.11% and 95.55% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 96.36%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Syria population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Syria historical population (1951 - 2016)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Growth Rate 1952 - 2016

Syria population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19513 456 990N/A %
19523 547 9392.63 %
19533 646 1342.77 %
19543 751 5132.89 %
19553 863 9253.00 %
19563 983 1273.08 %
19574 108 7883.15 %
19584 240 4973.21 %
19594 377 8033.24 %
19604 520 2873.25 %
19614 667 6873.26 %
19624 820 0123.26 %
19634 977 6273.27 %
19645 141 2023.29 %
19655 311 4563.31 %
19665 488 8083.34 %
19675 673 3813.36 %
19685 865 3633.38 %
19696 065 0913.41 %
19706 272 8683.43 %
19716 489 0843.45 %
19726 714 0663.47 %
19736 947 6203.48 %
19747 189 0803.48 %
19757 437 8433.46 %
19767 693 3053.43 %
19777 955 3793.41 %
19788 225 7473.40 %
19798 507 6253.43 %
19808 804 0303.48 %
19819 116 7103.55 %
19829 445 3903.61 %
19839 787 1753.62 %
198410 137 1593.58 %
198510 490 3653.48 %
198610 843 9823.37 %
198711 197 7453.26 %
198811 552 4953.17 %
198911 909 4663.09 %
199012 270 1273.03 %
199112 634 5592.97 %
199213 001 8832.91 %
199313 372 9152.85 %
199413 750 3342.82 %
199514 136 4942.81 %
199614 534 0862.81 %
199714 944 0862.82 %
199815 360 3802.79 %
199915 770 6142.67 %
200016 163 2402.49 %
200116 524 2322.23 %
200216 845 9681.95 %
200317 150 9301.81 %
200417 488 1261.97 %
200517 902 3782.37 %
200618 430 5212.95 %
200719 076 8993.51 %
200819 761 3273.59 %
200920 331 9642.89 %
201020 643 7371.53 %
201120 610 885-0.16 %
201220 239 962-1.80 %
201319 650 675-2.91 %
201419 047 537-3.07 %
201518 637 447-2.15 %
201618 215 868-2.26 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.