Tajikistan Population clock

24-04-2017 16:17:38
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Tajikistan population 2017

During 2017 Tajikistan population is projected to increased by 196 606 people and reach 8 965 827 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 222 212. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 25 606 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Tajikistan to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Tajikistan population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Tajikistan will be increased by 539 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Tajikistan 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Tajikistan was estimated to be 8 769 221 people. This is an increase of 2.24 % (192 295 people) compared to population of 8 576 926 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 217 339. Due to external migration, the population declined by 25 045. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.967 (967 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Tajikistan population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Tajikistan population density

Tajikistan population density is 61.5 people per square kilometer as of April 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Tajikistan divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Tajikistan. The total area of Tajikistan is 142 550 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Tajikistan age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Tajikistan had the following population age distribution:

33.9 62.7 3.4

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Tajikistan population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Tajikistan age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Tajikistan is 59.5 %.

What does this value mean? It shows that the dependent part of population is more than a half of the working part. It means that the working population (labor force) in Tajikistan must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons (this population is more than a half of working population). The value of more than 50% shows that the pressure on productive population in Tajikistan is relatively high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Tajikistan is 54.1 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Tajikistan is 5.4 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Tajikistan age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Tajikistan is 66 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 63 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 69.3 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 5 781 203 persons or 99.77% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Tajikistan are able to read and write. Accordingly about 13 147 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 99.83% (2 843 490 persons). 4 928 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 99.72% (2 937 713 persons). 8 219 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.86% and 99.89% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.88%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Tajikistan population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Tajikistan historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Tajikistan population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19511 553 978N/A %
19521 600 4982.99 %
19531 649 3303.05 %
19541 699 1613.02 %
19551 749 3542.95 %
19561 799 9712.89 %
19571 851 7682.88 %
19581 906 1162.93 %
19591 964 8373.08 %
19602 029 7873.31 %
19612 102 2243.57 %
19622 182 1853.80 %
19632 268 0753.94 %
19642 356 8963.92 %
19652 445 6233.76 %
19662 532 4923.55 %
19672 617 3943.35 %
19682 701 4573.21 %
19692 786 5513.15 %
19702 874 6143.16 %
19712 966 7713.21 %
19723 062 9993.24 %
19733 162 2443.24 %
19743 262 7953.18 %
19753 362 9823.07 %
19763 461 9352.94 %
19773 559 9062.83 %
19783 658 1932.76 %
19793 758 8082.75 %
19803 863 8172.79 %
19813 973 8732.85 %
19824 088 5142.88 %
19834 208 3492.93 %
19844 335 2593.02 %
19854 470 7163.12 %
19864 615 8013.25 %
19874 770 0833.34 %
19884 929 0403.33 %
19895 084 6013.16 %
19905 228 8312.84 %
19915 357 4202.46 %
19925 470 3812.11 %
19935 570 0021.82 %
19945 659 7041.61 %
19955 743 4711.48 %
19965 823 2771.39 %
19975 899 5021.31 %
19985 974 5441.27 %
19996 053 2171.32 %
20006 140 1391.44 %
20016 238 2831.60 %
20026 348 4661.77 %
20036 469 6951.91 %
20046 599 7502.01 %
20056 736 1422.07 %
20066 877 6112.10 %
20077 024 2942.13 %
20087 176 5472.17 %
20097 334 5162.20 %
20107 498 3282.23 %
20117 667 8112.26 %
20127 842 4272.28 %
20138 021 4122.28 %
20148 203 8672.27 %
20158 388 8482.25 %
20168 576 9262.24 %
20178 769 2212.24 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.