Thailand Population clock

20-02-2017 04:38:37
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .



Thailand population 2017

During 2017 Thailand population is projected to increased by 257 699 people and reach 68 612 866 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 237 192. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 20 507 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Thailand (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population dynamics in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Thailand population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Thailand will be increased by 706 persons daily in 2017.

Population of Thailand 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Thailand was estimated to be 68 355 167 people. This is an increase of 0.38 % (256 731 people) compared to population of 68 098 436 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 236 302. Due to external migration, the population increased by 20 430. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.966 (966 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for Thailand population in 2016:

Thailand population density

Thailand population density is 133.2 people per square kilometer as of February 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Thailand divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Thailand. The total area of Thailand is 513 120 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Thailand age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Thailand had the following population age distribution:

19.9 70.9 9.2

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Thailand population pyramid has a stationary type. Countries with such type of pyramid usually have declining birth rate and relatively low death rate. Which is more common for developed countries.

Source: The estimation data for section "Thailand age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Thailand is 41 %.

The value of 41 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Thailand must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Thailand is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Thailand is 28 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Thailand is 13 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Thailand age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Thailand is 73.6 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 71.2 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 76.1 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 52 956 798 persons or 96.66% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Thailand are able to read and write. Accordingly about 1 827 133 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 96.65% (25 930 742 persons). 899 344 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 96.68% (27 026 057 persons). 927 788 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 98.3% and 98.17% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 98.24%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Thailand population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Thailand historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Thailand population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
195120 986 780N/A %
195221 550 5972.69 %
195322 137 2642.72 %
195422 748 4832.76 %
195523 385 7352.80 %
195624 050 2812.84 %
195724 743 1562.88 %
195825 465 1732.92 %
195926 216 9162.95 %
196026 998 7282.98 %
196127 810 6933.01 %
196228 652 6233.03 %
196329 524 0403.04 %
196430 424 1883.05 %
196531 352 0653.05 %
196632 305 9483.04 %
196733 283 7993.03 %
196834 284 7233.01 %
196935 308 8742.99 %
197036 355 8592.97 %
197137 424 9202.94 %
197238 513 4622.91 %
197339 613 4842.86 %
197440 712 2542.77 %
197541 797 2472.67 %
197642 860 9002.54 %
197743 901 4272.43 %
197844 919 7252.32 %
197945 917 8762.22 %
198046 898 8182.14 %
198147 861 1102.05 %
198248 801 2461.96 %
198349 724 3521.89 %
198450 644 2721.85 %
198551 573 4531.83 %
198652 522 1221.84 %
198753 491 1391.84 %
198854 456 5321.80 %
198955 373 1781.68 %
199056 197 8091.49 %
199156 904 3981.26 %
199257 493 7731.04 %
199357 999 6230.88 %
199458 480 2200.83 %
199558 994 4280.88 %
199659 572 5220.98 %
199760 211 9461.07 %
199860 897 9561.14 %
199961 612 4661.17 %
200062 333 6401.17 %
200163 054 2481.16 %
200263 775 9221.14 %
200364 476 9621.10 %
200465 110 8880.98 %
200565 634 2480.80 %
200666 019 2300.59 %
200766 264 0290.37 %
200866 403 4140.21 %
200966 500 7260.15 %
201066 620 1110.18 %
201166 797 4910.27 %
201267 033 5440.35 %
201367 307 7760.41 %
201467 588 7010.42 %
201567 842 6690.38 %
201668 098 4360.38 %
201768 355 1670.38 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.