Thailand Population clock (live)

25-04-2018 01:43:21
68,693,737
Current population
33,752,163
Current male population (49.1%)
34,941,574
Current female population (50.9%)
240,252
Births this year
239
Births today
165,817
Deaths this year
165
Deaths today
6,435
Net migration this year
6
Net migration today
80,871
Population growth this year
80
Population growth today

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Quick facts about the population of Thailand


Current population (as of Wednesday, April 25 2018)
68,693,656
Total area
513,120 km2 (198,117 mi2)
Population density
133.9 per km2 (346.7 people/mi2)
Sex ratio
0.97 (33,752,163 men to 34,941,574 women)
Median age
37.8 years
Life expectancy
73.6 years (71.2 - men, 76.1 - women)
Literacy
96.7 %

(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)

Thailand population 2018

During 2018 Thailand population is projected to increased by 258,671 people and reach 68,871,537 in the beginning of 2019. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 238,087. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 20,584 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Thailand (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population change rates in 2018

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Thailand population in 2018 will be the following:

The population of Thailand will be increased by 709 persons daily in 2018.

Demographics of Thailand 2017

As of 1 January 2018, the population of Thailand was estimated to be 68,612,866 people. This is an increase of 0.38 % (257,699 people) compared to population of 68,355,167 the year before. In 2017 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 237,192. Due to external migration, the population increased by 20,507. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.970 (970 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2017.

Below are the key figures for Thailand population in 2017:

Growth Rate 1 - 2018

Thailand population density

Thailand population density is 133.7 people per square kilometer (346.3/mi2) as of April 2018. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Thailand divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Thailand. The total area of Thailand is 513,120 km2 (198,117 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Thailand age structure

As of the beginning of 2018 according to our estimates Thailand had the following population age distribution:

19.9 70.9 9.2

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Thailand population pyramid has a stationary type. Countries with such type of pyramid usually have declining birth rate and relatively low death rate. Which is more common for developed countries.

Source: The estimation data for section "Thailand age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Thailand is 41 %.

The value of 41 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Thailand must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Thailand is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Thailand is 28 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Thailand is 13 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Thailand age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Thailand is 73.6 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 71.2 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 76.1 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 53,156,446 persons or 96.66% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Thailand are able to read and write. Accordingly about 1,834,021 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 96.65% (26,028,501 persons). 902,735 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 96.68% (27,127,945 persons). 931,286 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 98.3% and 98.17% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 98.24%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Thailand population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Thailand historical population (1951 - 2018)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Thailand population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
195120,986,780N/A %
195221,550,5972.69 %
195322,137,2642.72 %
195422,748,4832.76 %
195523,385,7352.80 %
195624,050,2812.84 %
195724,743,1562.88 %
195825,465,1732.92 %
195926,216,9162.95 %
196026,998,7282.98 %
196127,810,6933.01 %
196228,652,6233.03 %
196329,524,0403.04 %
196430,424,1883.05 %
196531,352,0653.05 %
196632,305,9483.04 %
196733,283,7993.03 %
196834,284,7233.01 %
196935,308,8742.99 %
197036,355,8592.97 %
197137,424,9202.94 %
197238,513,4622.91 %
197339,613,4842.86 %
197440,712,2542.77 %
197541,797,2472.67 %
197642,860,9002.54 %
197743,901,4272.43 %
197844,919,7252.32 %
197945,917,8762.22 %
198046,898,8182.14 %
198147,861,1102.05 %
198248,801,2461.96 %
198349,724,3521.89 %
198450,644,2721.85 %
198551,573,4531.83 %
198652,522,1221.84 %
198753,491,1391.84 %
198854,456,5321.80 %
198955,373,1781.68 %
199056,197,8091.49 %
199156,904,3981.26 %
199257,493,7731.04 %
199357,999,6230.88 %
199458,480,2200.83 %
199558,994,4280.88 %
199659,572,5220.98 %
199760,211,9461.07 %
199860,897,9561.14 %
199961,612,4661.17 %
200062,333,6401.17 %
200163,054,2481.16 %
200263,775,9221.14 %
200364,476,9621.10 %
200465,110,8880.98 %
200565,634,2480.80 %
200666,019,2300.59 %
200766,264,0290.37 %
200866,403,4140.21 %
200966,500,7260.15 %
201066,620,1110.18 %
201166,797,4910.27 %
201267,033,5440.35 %
201367,307,7760.41 %
201467,588,7010.42 %
201567,842,6690.38 %
201668,098,4360.38 %
201768,355,1670.38 %
201868,612,8660.38 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.