Tonga Population clock (live)

23-07-2017 07:35:58
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Current population
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Tonga population 2017

During 2017 Tonga population is projected to increased by 452 people and reach 107 228 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 2 094. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 1 642 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Tonga to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Tonga population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Tonga will be increased by 1 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Tonga 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Tonga was estimated to be 106 776 people. This is an increase of 0.42 % (450 people) compared to population of 106 326 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 2 085. Due to external migration, the population declined by 1 635. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.004 (1 004 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Tonga population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Tonga population density

Tonga population density is 142.4 people per square kilometer as of July 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Tonga divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Tonga. The total area of Tonga is 750 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Tonga age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Tonga had the following population age distribution:

37.2 56.7 6.1

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Tonga population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Tonga age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Tonga is 76.3 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Tonga must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 76.3 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Tonga is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Tonga is 65.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Tonga is 10.7 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Tonga age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Tonga is 75.2 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 73.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 76.6 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 66 635 persons or 99.4% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Tonga are able to read and write. Accordingly about 404 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 99.35% (33 162 persons). 217 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 99.45% (33 473 persons). 187 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.36% and 99.54% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.45%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Tonga population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Tonga historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Tonga population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
195148 266N/A %
195250 2414.09 %
195351 9783.46 %
195453 4692.87 %
195554 7392.38 %
195655 8452.02 %
195756 8761.85 %
195857 9471.88 %
195959 1912.15 %
196060 7372.61 %
196162 6703.18 %
196264 9983.71 %
196367 6284.05 %
196470 3794.07 %
196573 0603.81 %
196675 5753.44 %
196777 9183.10 %
196880 0722.76 %
196981 9882.39 %
197083 6252.00 %
197184 9451.58 %
197285 9351.17 %
197386 6670.85 %
197487 2970.73 %
197587 9780.78 %
197688 8030.94 %
197789 7771.10 %
197890 8281.17 %
197991 8301.10 %
198092 6530.90 %
198193 2300.62 %
198293 5680.36 %
198393 7290.17 %
198493 8070.08 %
198593 8960.09 %
198694 0500.16 %
198794 2730.24 %
198894 5400.28 %
198994 8120.29 %
199095 0480.25 %
199195 2280.19 %
199295 3630.14 %
199395 4770.12 %
199495 6050.13 %
199595 7840.19 %
199696 0320.26 %
199796 3500.33 %
199896 7320.40 %
199997 1680.45 %
200097 6480.49 %
200198 1660.53 %
200298 7200.56 %
200399 3060.59 %
200499 9160.61 %
2005100 5420.63 %
2006101 1830.64 %
2007101 8380.65 %
2008102 4930.64 %
2009103 1160.61 %
2010103 6820.55 %
2011104 1700.47 %
2012104 5810.39 %
2013104 9540.36 %
2014105 3630.39 %
2015105 8780.49 %
2016106 3260.42 %
2017106 7760.42 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.