Turkey Population clock

10-12-2016 00:18:10
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Births today
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Net migration this year
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .


See also:

Turkey Economy

World population clock

China Population

India Population


Population of Turkey 2015

As of 1 January 2016, the population of Turkey was estimated to be 79 409 926 people. This is an increase of 1.68 % (1 315 117 people) compared to population of 78 094 809 the year before. In 2015 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 901 214. Due to external migration, the population increased by 413 902. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.995 (995 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2015. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for Turkey population in 2015:

Turkey population 2016

During 2016 Turkey population is projected to increased by 1 337 263 people and reach 80 747 189 in the beginning of 2017. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 916 391. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 420 873 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Turkey (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).

Population dynamics in 2016

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Turkey population in 2016 will be the following:

The population of Turkey will be increased by 3 664 persons daily in 2016.

Turkey population density

Turkey population density is 101.3 people per square kilometer as of December 2016. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Turkey divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Turkey. The total area of Turkey is 783 560 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Turkey age structure

As of the beginning of 2016 according to our estimates Turkey had the following population age distribution:

26.6 67.1 6.3

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Turkey population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Turkey age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Turkey is 48.9 %.

The value of 48.9 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Turkey must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Turkey is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Turkey is 39.6 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Turkey is 9.4 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Turkey age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Turkey is 72.5 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 70.6 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 74.5 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 55 464 697 persons or 95.12% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Turkey are able to read and write. Accordingly about 2 845 218 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 98.39% (28 759 886 persons). 470 908 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 91.84% (26 704 811 persons). 2 374 310 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.68% and 98.81% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.25%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Turkey population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Turkey historical population (1951 - 2016)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Growth Rate 1952 - 2016

Turkey population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
195121 522 426N/A %
195222 100 1432.68 %
195322 696 4752.70 %
195423 309 2442.70 %
195523 936 3352.69 %
195624 575 6852.67 %
195725 225 2842.64 %
195825 883 2102.61 %
195926 547 7012.57 %
196027 217 3302.52 %
196127 891 2862.48 %
196228 569 6382.43 %
196329 253 5162.39 %
196429 945 0082.36 %
196530 646 5682.34 %
196631 359 2172.33 %
196732 083 3352.31 %
196832 822 3472.30 %
196933 582 7452.32 %
197034 370 6162.35 %
197135 190 0552.38 %
197236 041 7182.42 %
197336 921 1392.44 %
197437 819 8122.43 %
197538 729 1692.40 %
197639 643 1672.36 %
197740 560 4542.31 %
197841 486 6582.28 %
197942 432 7282.28 %
198043 409 0702.30 %
198144 421 3132.33 %
198245 467 3882.35 %
198346 535 2722.35 %
198447 605 3972.30 %
198548 658 1352.21 %
198649 682 5852.11 %
198750 677 9662.00 %
198851 647 6691.91 %
198952 596 5331.84 %
199053 530 5871.78 %
199154 452 0571.72 %
199255 360 3211.67 %
199356 259 2941.62 %
199457 158 1121.60 %
199558 065 5451.59 %
199658 986 9041.59 %
199759 922 7961.59 %
199860 869 4891.58 %
199961 820 2461.56 %
200062 767 8871.53 %
200163 711 4261.50 %
200264 654 2301.48 %
200365 592 9441.45 %
200466 516 8411.41 %
200567 417 0891.35 %
200668 282 6691.28 %
200769 110 1071.21 %
200869 929 9251.19 %
200970 802 8321.25 %
201071 785 8621.39 %
201172 913 7091.57 %
201274 183 0951.74 %
201375 536 4131.82 %
201476 873 7141.77 %
201578 094 8091.59 %
201679 409 9261.68 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.