Turkmenistan Population clock (live)

21-07-2017 17:34:06
Connecting . . .
Current population
Connecting . . .
Current male population ( . . . %)
Connecting . . .
Current female population ( . . . %)
Connecting . . .
Births this year
Connecting . . .
Births today
Connecting . . .
Deaths this year
Connecting . . .
Deaths today
Connecting . . .
Net migration this year
Connecting . . .
Net migration today
Connecting . . .
Population growth this year
Connecting . . .
Population growth today

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Turkmenistan population 2017

During 2017 Turkmenistan population is projected to increased by 69 724 people and reach 5 546 900 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 74 983. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 5 258 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Turkmenistan to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Turkmenistan population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Turkmenistan will be increased by 191 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Turkmenistan 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Turkmenistan was estimated to be 5 477 176 people. This is an increase of 1.27 % (68 848 people) compared to population of 5 408 328 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 74 040. Due to external migration, the population declined by 5 192. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.969 (969 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Turkmenistan population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Turkmenistan population density

Turkmenistan population density is 11.2 people per square kilometer as of July 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Turkmenistan divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Turkmenistan. The total area of Turkmenistan is 488 100 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Turkmenistan age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Turkmenistan had the following population age distribution:

27.5 68.4 4.1

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Turkmenistan population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Turkmenistan age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Turkmenistan is 46.3 %.

The value of 46.3 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Turkmenistan must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Turkmenistan is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Turkmenistan is 40.3 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Turkmenistan is 6 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Turkmenistan age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Turkmenistan is 68.5 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 65.6 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 71.6 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 3 956 287 persons or 99.7% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Turkmenistan are able to read and write. Accordingly about 12 145 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 99.76% (1 947 817 persons). 4 686 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 99.63% (2 008 470 persons). 7 459 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.76% and 99.91% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.84%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Turkmenistan population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Turkmenistan historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Turkmenistan population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19511 219 689N/A %
19521 240 5191.71 %
19531 267 6222.18 %
19541 299 8552.54 %
19551 336 3142.80 %
19561 376 3373.00 %
19571 419 5083.14 %
19581 465 6313.25 %
19591 514 6873.35 %
19601 566 7283.44 %
19611 621 7083.51 %
19621 679 3133.55 %
19631 738 8603.55 %
19641 799 3533.48 %
19651 859 8493.36 %
19661 919 7133.22 %
19671 978 7873.08 %
19682 037 5192.97 %
19692 096 8192.91 %
19702 157 6242.90 %
19712 220 4432.91 %
19722 285 2282.92 %
19732 351 5552.90 %
19742 418 7842.86 %
19752 486 2652.79 %
19762 553 7102.71 %
19772 621 2272.64 %
19782 689 0212.59 %
19792 757 2912.54 %
19802 826 2882.50 %
19812 896 1722.47 %
19822 967 0642.45 %
19833 039 3262.44 %
19843 113 5652.44 %
19853 190 3812.47 %
19863 269 7792.49 %
19873 351 4412.50 %
19883 435 9562.52 %
19893 524 8232.59 %
19903 619 2792.68 %
19913 720 1752.79 %
19923 827 1622.88 %
19933 936 9452.87 %
19944 043 7152.71 %
19954 141 7612.42 %
19964 227 8502.08 %
19974 301 8411.75 %
19984 365 6421.48 %
19994 422 3601.30 %
20004 475 4231.20 %
20014 526 5911.14 %
20024 575 9671.09 %
20034 624 1041.05 %
20044 672 4561.05 %
20054 722 3581.07 %
20064 774 7171.11 %
20074 829 9151.16 %
20084 887 8881.20 %
20094 948 2511.23 %
20105 010 4781.26 %
20115 074 3341.27 %
20125 139 8071.29 %
20135 206 5151.30 %
20145 273 6381.29 %
20155 340 3451.26 %
20165 408 3281.27 %
20175 477 1761.27 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.