Vietnam Population clock (live)

19-11-2017 13:16:56
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Deaths this year
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Vietnam population 2017

During 2017 Vietnam population is projected to increased by 1,064,323 people and reach 96,093,205 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 1,106,136. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 41,813 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Vietnam to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Vietnam population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Vietnam will be increased by 2,916 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Vietnam 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Vietnam was estimated to be 95,028,882 people. This is an increase of 1.12 % (1,052,535 people) compared to population of 93,976,347 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 1,093,885. Due to external migration, the population declined by 41,350. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.978 (978 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Vietnam population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Vietnam population density

Vietnam population density is 286.9 people per square kilometer (743.1/mi2) as of November 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Vietnam divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Vietnam. The total area of Vietnam is 331,212 km2 (127,882 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Vietnam age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Vietnam had the following population age distribution:

25.2 69.3 5.5

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Vietnam population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Vietnam age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Vietnam is 44.4 %.

The value of 44.4 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Vietnam must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Vietnam is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Vietnam is 36.4 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Vietnam is 8 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Vietnam age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Vietnam is 72.2 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 69.7 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 74.9 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 67,191,330 persons or 94.52% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Vietnam are able to read and write. Accordingly about 3,895,025 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 96.28% (33,568,947 persons). 1,298,100 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 92.83% (33,622,384 persons). 2,596,924 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 98.15% and 97.96% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 98.06%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Vietnam population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Vietnam historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Vietnam population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
195125,087,178N/A %
195225,670,6462.33 %
195326,311,5052.50 %
195427,008,4362.65 %
195527,759,2422.78 %
195628,560,8292.89 %
195729,409,2032.97 %
195830,299,5683.03 %
195931,226,5203.06 %
196032,184,5303.07 %
196133,168,6963.06 %
196234,175,4663.04 %
196335,203,1283.01 %
196436,251,5382.98 %
196537,320,4992.95 %
196638,409,6752.92 %
196739,517,0152.88 %
196840,635,2642.83 %
196941,752,7482.75 %
197042,858,4772.65 %
197143,946,6012.54 %
197245,017,6992.44 %
197346,077,1072.35 %
197447,133,2482.29 %
197548,195,5842.25 %
197649,268,7342.23 %
197750,353,7882.20 %
197851,457,3922.19 %
197952,592,4772.21 %
198053,771,0962.24 %
198155,000,1312.29 %
198256,279,7832.33 %
198357,604,6072.35 %
198458,965,2422.36 %
198560,351,2312.35 %
198661,754,4642.33 %
198763,170,4272.29 %
198864,597,5032.26 %
198966,035,5552.23 %
199067,483,5032.19 %
199168,940,1122.16 %
199270,400,0792.12 %
199371,844,2622.05 %
199473,241,4181.94 %
199574,561,4121.80 %
199675,787,3261.64 %
199776,918,0531.49 %
199877,961,6591.36 %
199978,931,2981.24 %
200079,842,6361.15 %
200180,704,6241.08 %
200281,520,5871.01 %
200382,300,2640.96 %
200483,061,4260.92 %
200583,821,8150.92 %
200684,591,7420.92 %
200785,375,1920.93 %
200886,180,0300.94 %
200987,019,1820.97 %
201087,903,3981.02 %
201188,839,8391.07 %
201289,828,7251.11 %
201390,857,1501.14 %
201491,901,0451.15 %
201592,935,4701.13 %
201693,976,3471.12 %
201795,028,8821.12 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.