Zambia Population clock (live)

18-08-2017 17:26:51
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Current population
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Current male population ( . . . %)
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Current female population ( . . . %)
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Zambia population 2017

During 2017 Zambia population is projected to increased by 516 420 people and reach 17 470 471 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 524 219. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 7 799 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Zambia to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Zambia population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Zambia will be increased by 1 415 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Zambia 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Zambia was estimated to be 16 954 051 people. This is an increase of 3.05 % (501 155 people) compared to population of 16 452 896 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 508 724. Due to external migration, the population declined by 7 568. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.005 (1 005 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Zambia population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Zambia population density

Zambia population density is 22.5 people per square kilometer as of August 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Zambia divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Zambia. The total area of Zambia is 752 610 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Zambia age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Zambia had the following population age distribution:

46.7 50.8 2.5

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Zambia population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Zambia age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Zambia is 96.8 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Zambia must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 96.8 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Zambia is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Zambia is 91.9 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Zambia is 4.9 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Zambia age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Zambia is 52.4 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 51.1 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 53.6 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 5 730 600 persons or 63.41% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Zambia are able to read and write. Accordingly about 3 306 587 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 70.89% (3 197 717 persons). 1 312 908 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 55.96% (2 532 883 persons). 1 993 679 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 69.43% and 62.13% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 65.76%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Zambia population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Zambia historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Zambia population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19512 346 513N/A %
19522 407 3252.59 %
19532 471 3612.66 %
19542 538 3782.71 %
19552 608 2572.75 %
19562 681 0122.79 %
19572 756 7852.83 %
19582 835 8322.87 %
19592 918 5062.92 %
19603 005 1932.97 %
19613 096 2173.03 %
19623 191 7563.09 %
19633 291 7793.13 %
19643 396 0803.17 %
19653 504 4773.19 %
19663 616 8883.21 %
19673 733 4763.22 %
19683 854 8963.25 %
19693 982 2043.30 %
19704 116 4293.37 %
19714 258 1903.44 %
19724 407 5723.51 %
19734 564 2353.55 %
19744 727 5703.58 %
19754 896 9143.58 %
19765 071 7943.57 %
19775 252 0603.55 %
19785 437 9503.54 %
19795 629 9643.53 %
19805 828 5373.53 %
19816 033 7833.52 %
19826 245 3153.51 %
19836 462 1173.47 %
19846 682 6913.41 %
19856 905 5003.33 %
19867 129 8943.25 %
19877 355 8833.17 %
19887 582 6703.08 %
19897 808 5492.98 %
19908 032 0852.86 %
19918 252 2622.74 %
19928 469 1842.63 %
19938 685 5242.55 %
19948 906 1452.54 %
19959 135 8782.58 %
19969 377 9372.65 %
19979 633 0442.72 %
19989 899 0772.76 %
199910 171 8612.76 %
200010 447 2652.71 %
200110 723 2292.64 %
200211 000 6082.59 %
200311 282 9922.57 %
200411 575 8212.60 %
200511 884 6132.67 %
200612 212 5502.76 %
200712 560 0932.85 %
200812 926 6282.92 %
200913 311 2142.98 %
201013 712 6443.02 %
201114 130 4833.05 %
201214 565 0543.08 %
201315 016 3343.10 %
201415 483 7153.11 %
201515 966 5553.12 %
201616 452 8963.05 %
201716 954 0513.05 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.