Zimbabwe Population clock

27-05-2017 11:02:27
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Zimbabwe population 2017

During 2017 Zimbabwe population is projected to increased by 355 102 people and reach 16 466 801 in the beginning of 2018. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 402 954. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 47 852 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Zimbabwe to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Zimbabwe population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Zimbabwe will be increased by 973 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Zimbabwe 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Zimbabwe was estimated to be 16 111 699 people. This is an increase of 2.20 % (347 444 people) compared to population of 15 764 255 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 394 264. Due to external migration, the population declined by 46 820. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.973 (973 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Zimbabwe population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Zimbabwe population density

Zimbabwe population density is 41.2 people per square kilometer as of May 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Zimbabwe divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Zimbabwe. The total area of Zimbabwe is 390 760 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Zimbabwe age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Zimbabwe had the following population age distribution:

41.9 54.3 3.8

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Zimbabwe population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section "Zimbabwe age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Zimbabwe is 84.1 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Zimbabwe must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 84.1 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Zimbabwe is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Zimbabwe is 77.1 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Zimbabwe is 7 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Zimbabwe age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Zimbabwe is 49.6 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 49.9 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 49.3 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 8 090 242 persons or 86.4% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Zimbabwe are able to read and write. Accordingly about 1 273 878 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 88.53% (3 844 349 persons). 498 076 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 84.55% (4 245 893 persons). 775 802 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 89.96% and 93.49% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 91.73%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Zimbabwe population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Zimbabwe historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Zimbabwe population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19512 788 652N/A %
19522 874 4373.08 %
19532 964 3053.13 %
19543 057 7663.15 %
19553 154 5413.16 %
19563 254 5693.17 %
19573 358 0073.18 %
19583 465 2093.19 %
19593 576 6803.22 %
19603 692 9723.25 %
19613 814 5143.29 %
19623 941 4503.33 %
19634 073 5333.35 %
19644 210 1833.35 %
19654 350 8473.34 %
19664 495 2263.32 %
19674 643 4663.30 %
19684 796 3633.29 %
19694 955 2173.31 %
19705 121 3163.35 %
19715 295 8273.41 %
19725 479 3273.46 %
19735 670 8473.50 %
19745 868 1223.48 %
19756 069 0733.42 %
19766 272 1203.35 %
19776 477 3483.27 %
19786 688 8433.27 %
19796 914 0533.37 %
19807 160 1213.56 %
19817 430 5243.78 %
19827 724 1903.95 %
19838 036 9894.05 %
19848 362 9464.06 %
19858 695 4653.98 %
19869 030 7383.86 %
19879 367 2663.73 %
19889 701 2173.57 %
198910 025 8713.35 %
199010 334 8693.08 %
199110 623 9042.80 %
199210 891 3772.52 %
199311 138 1152.27 %
199411 366 6602.05 %
199511 579 9721.88 %
199611 780 4001.73 %
199711 968 7611.60 %
199812 143 3001.46 %
199912 300 3811.29 %
200012 437 0001.11 %
200112 551 9850.92 %
200212 647 7100.76 %
200312 732 7970.67 %
200412 820 9950.69 %
200512 926 1230.82 %
200613 056 1801.01 %
200713 212 8701.20 %
200813 396 6301.39 %
200913 608 2301.58 %
201013 847 4471.76 %
201114 114 7451.93 %
201214 410 5372.10 %
201314 731 7872.23 %
201415 071 9742.31 %
201515 424 3032.34 %
201615 764 2552.20 %
201716 111 6992.20 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.