Estonia Population clock

26-06-2017 20:19:40
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Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

Estonia population 2017

During 2017 Estonia population is projected to decreased by -3 847 people and reach 1 300 184 in the beginning of 2018. The number of deaths will exceed the number of live births by 1 513, so the natural increase is expected to be negative. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 2 334 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Estonia to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population change rates in 2017

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Estonia population in 2017 will be the following:

The population of Estonia will be declined by 11 persons daily in 2017.

Demographics of Estonia 2016

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Estonia was estimated to be 1 304 031 people. This is a decrease of -0.29 % (-3 858 people) compared to population of 1 307 889 the year before. In 2016 the natural increase was negative, as the number of deaths exceeded the number of live births by 1 517. Due to external migration, the population declined by 2 341. The sex ratio of the total population was 0.877 (877 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2016.

Below are the key figures for Estonia population in 2016:

Growth Rate 1952 - 2017

Estonia population density

Estonia population density is 28.8 people per square kilometer as of June 2017. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Estonia divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Estonia. The total area of Estonia is 45 230 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division .

Estonia age structure

As of the beginning of 2017 according to our estimates Estonia had the following population age distribution:

15.1 67.2 17.7

- percentage of population under 15
- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
- percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Estonia population pyramid has a contracting type. This type of pyramid is more common for highly developed countries with low birth and death rates. Usually countries with such kind of population age distribution model have long life expectancy, high level of education and good health care.

Source: The estimation data for section "Estonia age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Estonia is 48.9 %.

The value of 48.9 % is relatively low. It shows that the dependent part of population is less than a half of the working part. In other words the working population (labor force) in Estonia must provide goods for itself and cover expenditure on children and aged persons. And this part of population is less than 50% of working population. The value of less than 50% means that the pressure on productive population in Estonia is relatively low.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Estonia is 22.5 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Estonia is 26.4 %.

Source: The estimation data for section "Estonia age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Estonia is 73.3 years.
This is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 68 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 79 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 1 104 923 persons or 99.82% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Estonia are able to read and write. Accordingly about 1 939 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 99.85% (492 144 persons). 754 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 99.81% (612 779 persons). 1 185 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 99.96% and 99.97% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99.97%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section "Estonia population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Estonia historical population (1951 - 2017)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

Estonia population history

YearPopulationGrowth Rate
19511 107 123N/A %
19521 119 2461.10 %
19531 131 0761.06 %
19541 142 5621.02 %
19551 153 7280.98 %
19561 164 6720.95 %
19571 175 5650.94 %
19581 186 6450.94 %
19591 198 1910.97 %
19601 210 4741.03 %
19611 223 6761.09 %
19621 237 8101.16 %
19631 252 6691.20 %
19641 267 8551.21 %
19651 282 9541.19 %
19661 297 7311.15 %
19671 312 1551.11 %
19681 326 2491.07 %
19691 340 0341.04 %
19701 353 5451.01 %
19711 366 7860.98 %
19721 379 7180.95 %
19731 392 2980.91 %
19741 404 4950.88 %
19751 416 2810.84 %
19761 427 6390.80 %
19771 438 5670.77 %
19781 449 1180.73 %
19791 459 3890.71 %
19801 469 4780.69 %
19811 479 2130.66 %
19821 488 3210.62 %
19831 497 0970.59 %
19841 506 3810.62 %
19851 516 8750.70 %
19861 529 2950.82 %
19871 543 7000.94 %
19881 557 7830.91 %
19891 567 1650.60 %
19901 567 6860.03 %
19911 556 804-0.69 %
19921 534 583-1.43 %
19931 504 500-1.96 %
19941 472 633-2.12 %
19951 445 111-1.87 %
19961 425 431-1.36 %
19971 413 752-0.82 %
19981 408 053-0.40 %
19991 405 105-0.21 %
20001 401 483-0.26 %
20011 395 450-0.43 %
20021 387 245-0.59 %
20031 377 813-0.68 %
20041 368 220-0.70 %
20051 359 606-0.63 %
20061 352 516-0.52 %
20071 346 801-0.42 %
20081 342 087-0.35 %
20091 337 977-0.31 %
20101 334 051-0.29 %
20111 330 079-0.30 %
20121 326 054-0.30 %
20131 320 174-0.44 %
20141 315 819-0.33 %
20151 311 759-0.31 %
20161 307 889-0.30 %
20171 304 031-0.29 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.