|Current male population (51.7%)|
|Current female population (48.3%)|
|Births this year|
|Deaths this year|
|Net migration this year|
|Net migration today|
|Population growth this year|
|Population growth today|
|Current population (as of Friday, November 15, 2019)|
|39 (0.48% of world population)|
|652,230 km2 (251,827 mi2)|
|56.9 per km2 (147.2 people/mi2)|
|1.07 (19,182,482 men to 17,897,613 women)|
|45.0 years (44.8 - men, 45.3 - women)|
(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters (countrymeters.info) based on the latest United Nations data)
During 2019 Afghanistan population is projected to increase by 1,090,754 people and reach 37,220,386 in the beginning of 2020. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 977,668. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be increased by 113,086 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who move into Afghanistan (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants) will prevail over the number of people who leave the country to settle permanently in another country (emigrants).
According to our estimations, daily change rates of Afghanistan population in 2019 will be the following:
As of 1 January 2019, the population of Afghanistan was estimated to be 36,129,632 people. This is an increase of 3.02 % (1,058,789 people) compared to population of 35,070,843 the year before. In 2018 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 949,017. Due to external migration, the population increased by 109,772. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.070 (1,070 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2018.
Below are the key figures for Afghanistan population in 2018:
Afghanistan population density is 55.4 people per square kilometer (143.5/mi2) as of November 2019. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Afghanistan divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Afghanistan. The total area of Afghanistan is 652,230 km2 (251,827 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .
|Religion||Number of followers||Percentage of
As of the beginning of 2019 according to our estimates Afghanistan had the following population age distribution:
|- percentage of population under 15|
|- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old|
|- percentage of population 65+|
In absolute figures (estimate):
We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.
Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.
As we can see the Afghanistan population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.
Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.
This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.
The total dependency ratio of population in Afghanistan is 80.9 %.
As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Afghanistan must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 80.9 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Afghanistan is very high.
Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.
Child dependency ratio in Afghanistan is 76.5 %.
Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.
Aged dependency ratio in Afghanistan is 4.4 %.
Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.
Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Afghanistan is 45 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).
Male life expectancy at birth is 44.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 45.3 years.
According to our estimates 8,007,098 persons or 38.39% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Afghanistan are able to read and write. Accordingly about 12,848,010 adults are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult male population is 51.99% (5,546,693 persons). 5,121,665 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 24.15% (2,460,406 persons). 7,726,344 are illiterate.
Youth literacy rates are 69.59% and 46.33% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 58.21%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.
The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.
The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.
The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).